Jewish Autonomous Region

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Jewish Autonomous Region

(Placename) an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq km (13 895 sq miles). Also called: Birobidzhan or Birobijan

Jew′ish Auton′omous Re′gion

an autonomous region in the Khabarovsk territory of the Russian Federation in E Siberia. 216,000; 13,900 sq. mi. (36,000 sq. km). Cap.: Birobidzhan.
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In the Amur Region and the Jewish Autonomous Region the share of turnover of enterprises with foreign capital exceeds the average level in Russia.
Earlier this month, the Russian military had ( test-fired a new Iskander-M ballistic missile during an exercise in the Jewish Autonomous Region in the Far East.
Meteorologists have said that the floods affecting the Amur and Magadan regions, the Jewish Autonomous Region, the Primorye Territory, and the Siberian republic of Yakutia are the worst to hit the area in 120 years.
Over 40,000 people in the Far East are currently involved in relief and rescue operations in the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region following heavy rains that caused the Amur River to burst its banks, RIA Novosti reported.
Two years later it was declared a Jewish Autonomous Region, and it was promised that when the Jewish population reached 100,000 or formed a majority that it would be declared an official Soviet republic.
He discusses internal conflicts in this press, Soviet Yiddish language experiments, and the plan for the Jewish autonomous region of Birobidzhan.
The film depicts a Jewish family coming to the Soviet Union to develop a communal farm in Birobidzhan, the far eastern territory designated the "Jewish autonomous region" in 1934.
Equally intriguing is a detailed chapter about an early ideological experience with transnationalism, that is, the story of Canadian Jewish Communists in the 1920s and 1930s and their failed hopes for Birobidzhan, a "Jewish Autonomous Region," in the former Soviet Union.
(This was Stalin's Jewish autonomous region near Siberia, the anti-imperialist answer to Zionism.)
Fefer and other Jewish writers of the Russian Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee had been arrested and charged with attempting to have the Jewish Autonomous region in Birobidjan moved to the Crimean Peninsula.
On 7 May 1934, in an effort to make the project more attractive to Soviet Jews, Moscow declared Birobidzhan a Jewish Autonomous Region (Oblast), with the promise that when Jews would number at least 100,000, or form a majority of the total population, it would become a Soviet republic.(2)
In recent visits to the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Sakha Republic, regional officials discussed possible upcoming mining tenders that could be opened to foreign participants.

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