Robert Spencer (2007) criticised Islam by saying that it inspires its followers to kill non-Muslims if they do not agree to accept Islam or compel them to pay jizyah
. He quoted the Qur'anic verse: "Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His messengers have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the scripture (fight) until they give the jizyah
willingly" (Al-Qur'an, 9: 29).
These campaigns had also devastated Orthodox Christian villages." On the historical and spiritual relationship between the East and the West, Al-Issa said: "The religious and cultural gap has not been addressed in many cases in the right way, producing a lack of understanding between the East and the West." He also went some way toward addressing various interpretations in Islam, including of jihad (which he said did not imply the imposition of Islam through force, but instead championed fighting injustice, aggression and persecution against fellow Muslims) and the application of the "jizyah
" on non-Muslims.
[This statement is considered a da'eef (weak) hadith but it is supported by a similar statement by 'Umar Ibn al-Khattaab and therefore known to have a sound origin according to Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani in Talkhees Al-Kabeer] It is narrated by Sa'eed ibn Mansour that Umar Ibn al-Khattaab (radiallahu 'anhu) said: I have considered sending a man to the various cities to see whoever has the means but has not made the Haj to then impose the jizyah
(a tax imposed upon non-Muslim subjects in an Islamic state).
If they refuse to accept Islam, jizyah
(a tax) will be imposed upon them and they will become subjects of the Islamic state.
Both kharaj and jizyah
were forms of the symbolic subjugation of non-Muslims; it was not a medium of humiliation.
The Islamic State, "[Fight] Until They Give the Jizyah
Willingly While They Are Humbled," Wilayat Dimashq, October 3, 2015.
In other areas Christians were told that if they stayed, they would have to pay jizyah
, that is, a special "protection" tax.
He responds by quoting the Quran: "Killing is to continue until the unbelievers pay Jizyah
after they are humbled or overpowered." (Usmani p131) Jizyah
is the subjugation tax imposed on non-Muslims under Islamic rule.
Earlier this month, ISIS gave Christians in Iraq's north an ultimatum to submit to Islamic rule by either converting or paying a religious tax to the state known as Jizyah
, or leave on threat of death -- forcing hundreds of families to flee the ancient city.
While the financial duties imposed on non-Muslims are al Jizyah
- (levied on persons/ poll tax), al Kharaj (on the ground), and al 'Ushor (means one-tenth) customs duties levied on domestic and foreign trade if transmitted from one place to another in Dar al-Islam (house/abode of Islam) .
"The education department is paying no jizyah
(tax) to any group.