Scholars of theology and church history offer readers of theologian Joachim of Fiore
(1135-1202) background, context, and a sample of responses to his work.
Alexander Patchovsky reflects on the surprisingly detailed knowledge of Muslims, provided by Joachim of Fiore
, as among those who could still potentially be saved, even if he saw them as enemies of Christendom.
He also further substantiates previous work, showing that Guiard evinced a widespread apocalyptic sensibility tied to the writings of Joachim of Fiore
and Peter of John Olivi, one in which religious authorities might be the Antichrist acting against God's chosen ones.
For the Calabrian abbot Joachim of Fiore
, the Trinity lay at the heart of his work, a work eventually culminating in a tradition which profoundly influenced, directly or indirectly, the ideals, vocabulary and the worldview of many totalist heterodoxies.
Romauld's martyrdom, image as insight in Joachim of Fiore
's Figurae, and Concordus' dream-discovery of a healing saint.
The first chapter surveys millenarian legends, including the ideas of Joachim of Fiore
, as well as the prophetic Trovas of Bandarra, and shows how these worked together with the foundational Portuguese legend of Ourique--in which Dom Afonso Henriques defeated the numerically superior army of the Moors in 1139--to promote the cultural belief in a hidden, promised, desired king who would liberate Portugal from its enemies.
Victor, Joachim of Fiore
, Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure, Rashi, Abraham ibn Ezra, and Nicolas of Lyra, ending with John Wyclif.
Drawing on the thought of Joachim of Fiore
as appropriated by Franciscan radicals such as Peter John Olivi, the Spirituals saw themselves as playing a central role as the faithful remnant persecuted by Antichrist, and eventually as a source of eschatological redemption and renewal for the Church.
The most common reason for turning to such violent gestures of renunciation and self-immolation were expectations of the end of the world inspired by the teachings of Joachim of Fiore
. Although born out of the uncertain conditions in urban centers, the hysteria did not usually result in mass terror but did encourage a new form of conversion.
Peter's Square in Vatican City and headed to a library to do research about Joachim of Fiore
for his doctoral work on medieval studies when he thought he recognized the white-haired scholarly cardinal.
An essay by Marjorie Reeves on Joachim of Fiore
is mentioned, but Mills seems unaware that she and Warwick Gould wrote a book actually on Joachim of Fiore
and the myth of the Eternal Evangel in the nineteenth century--dealing specifically with its literary reverberations.
On the way he reflects on the medieval millenarianism of Joachim of Fiore
, the influence of the modern prophet Hal Lindsey, and the apocalyptic views of Ronald Reagan.