Johann Winckelmann


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Noun1.Johann Winckelmann - German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)Johann Winckelmann - German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)
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The German art historian Johann Winckelmann compares the experience of ideal beauty to the contemplation of calm sea or the purity of water - a beauty uncontaminated by the hustle and bustle of human activity.
The author also considers certain eighteenth-century thinkers as Samuel Johnson, Alexander Pope, Johann Winckelmann, or Joshua Reynolds, who used the notion of the universal as a concept in their thought to describe "that which is always and everywhere true." Finally, Will touches on the complex dialectic that exists between the author and his readers, who are both engaged in puzzling through to the profound ideal humanity present in such major texts.
Thus art's history was "canalised," as Hal Waddington might have described it, (1) on the epigenetic landscape of Western consciousness, into the valley of art's history as determined largely by Italian scholarship in the Renaissance, exemplified by the work of Giorgio Vasari, and later elaborated by German scholarship, beginning with the development of art criticism by Johann Winckelmann and aesthetics by Immanuel Kant.