Along with colleagues John Bardeen
and Leon Cooper, Schrieffer was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for developing the BCS theory.
With the simple addition of the tiny transistor (invented by William Shockley, John Bardeen
and Walter Brattain) and the introduction of digital communication, the world has been thrust over the cliff into humankind's fourth revolution: information technology (IT).
His subsequent research with theoretical physicist John Bardeen
showed that they, in fact, invented a semiconductor triode, later called a <<bipolar transistor.>> Fig.
It is a story about people: Mervin Kelly, the legendary Bell Labs President, the architect of the organization; Bill Baker, who succeeded him; William Shockley, John Bardeen
, and Walter Brattain, inventors of the transistor; Claude Shannon, the father of information theory; and John Pierce, an early champion of the first communication satellites.
Yet the policy was strict enough to lead to the departure of one of the most brilliant physicists of the 20th century, John Bardeen
, a coinventor of the transistor, who fled Bell Labs partly because of frustration after his work on superconductivity was deemed tangential to communications research.
For the invention of which electronic device did John Bardeen
, William Shockley and Walter Brattain receive the 1956 Nobel prize for physics?
This work was recognized with the 1956 Physics Nobel Prize awarded jointly to William Shockley, John Bardeen
, and Walter Brattain "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect." Building on early work on the effect of electric fields on metal semiconductor junctions, the interdisciplinary Bell Labs team built a working bipolar-contact transistor and clearly demonstrated (discovered) the transistor effect.
After having moved to Urbana in 1951 and even more intense after having received the Nobel Prize for the development of the transistor in 1956, John Bardeen
was pressing to solve the longstanding problem of superconductivity.
After a year of trying all sorts of materials, and working independently under Shockley, John Bardeen
and Walter Brattain invented the first transistor.
In 1947, John Bardeen
and Walter Brattain built the first functioning point contact transistor at Bell Laboratories, It was nearly classified as a military secret, but Bell Labs publicly announced the device in the following year.
What achievement do Marie Curie, Linus Pauling, Professor John Bardeen
and Doctor Frederick Sanger have in common?