The ever-widening gap between Trump's self-presentation and reality has returned my attention to one of the best-known contributions the late Trappist monk Thomas Merton made to Catholic spirituality in the 20th century, namely, the distinction between what he called the "true self" and the "false self." Drawing on the insights of his intellectual predecessors, such as the medieval Franciscan theologian Blessed John Duns Scotus
and the great 19th-century Jesuit poet Gerard Manley Hopkins, Merton held that each of us has a true identity--who we are in the most foundational sense--and that true identity is intrinsic, inalienable, unique and unrepeatable.
John Duns Scotus
(1266-1308), a Franciscan theologian from Oxford University, explained that the formula of the Scholastics is potuit, decuit, ergo fecit (Latin for 'He could do it, it was fitting that He do it, therefore, He did it) solved the controversy.
(10) "That [the singular] is not understood per se by our intellect, then, is not due to anything on the side of the singular but stems from the imperfection of our intellect--just as the inability of the owl to see the sun is on the part of the owl, not the sun." John Duns Scotus
, Early Oxford Lecture on Individuation, ed.
Cloth, $65.00--In On Being and Cognition: Ordinatio 1.3, John van den Bercken offers the English-speaking world the first complete translation of book 1, distinction 3 of John Duns Scotus
's redacted and expanded edition of his Oxford lectures on the Sentences of Peter Lombard.
Even as late as the 17th century, says Vos, John Duns Scotus
(1266-1308) was considered a major mainstream philosopher and theologian, but the philosophy of the 19th and 20th centuries created alternative ways of thinking that were diametrically opposed to Scotism in logic, ontology, ethics, and the doctrine of God.
Slain The killing of the Comyn John Duns Scotus
He was a supporter of the much-derided philosopher John Duns Scotus
, whose followers were the original "dunces".
JOHN DUNS SCOTUS
: QUESTIONS ON ARISTOTLE'S CATEGORIES, QQ.
Vos, A.: The philosophy of John Duns Scotus
. Edinburg: Ed.
On the contrary, I believe that John Duns Scotus
In spite of this, we see a return to almost 'logicist' tendencies within later medieval thinkers such as John Duns Scotus
and William of Ockham, as discussed in the essays of Simo Knuuttila (Chapter 3, 'The Metaphysics of the Categories in John Duns Scotus
') and Calvin G.