The Declaration, dated April 6 1320, was written by the barons and freeholders of Scotland, on behalf of the Kingdom of Scotland, to Pope John XXII
, asking him to recognise Scotland's independence and acknowledge Robert the Bruce as the country's lawful king.
Pope John XXII
instituted the celebration of the Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity for the Universal Church as early as 1334 A.D.
It was in 1320 that St Andrew became the official patron saint of Scotland, when a group of Scottish nobles signed the Declaration of Arbroath - an appeal to Pope John XXII
to declare the countrty independent from England.
If you visit the area, you will see a ruined medieval castle that still exists above the village which was built in the 14th century for Pope John XXII
, the second of the popes to reside in Avignon.
Ockham thought Pope John XXII
had fallen into heresy by condemning apostolic poverty.
In later life he was accused of heresy and brought up before the local Franciscan-led Inquisition, and tried as a heretic by Pope John XXII
. He probably died before his verdict was received.
It took the form of a letter to Pope John XXII
, in Latin, drafted in Arbroath Abbey and sealed by several magnates and nobles.
"We declare and define as saints the blessed John XXII
and John Paul II," the Catholic leader said in a Latin prayer, as pilgrims and foreign dignitaries massed in St Peter's Square applauded and chanted: "Amen!"
was transferred to the Franciscan studium in Avignon in 1322 where he lectured in theology and served as an advisor to Pope John XXII
. Presumably never returning to England, R.
"The Eyes of the Church": William of Ockham and John XXII
on the Theologians' Doctrinal Authority, ISABEL IRIBARREN
Shortly after his death, Albert's name was one of three submitted to Pope John XXII