Josephson effect


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Related to Josephson effect: Josephson junction

Jo·seph·son effect

 (jō′zəf-sən, -səf-)
n.
The effect associated with the tunneling of electron pairs across an insulating barrier separating two superconductors.

[After Brian David Josephson (born 1940), British physicist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Josephson effect

(ˈdʒəʊzɪfsən)
n
(General Physics) physics any one of the phenomena which occur when an electric current passes through a very thin insulating layer between two superconducting substances. The applications include the very precise standardization of the volt
[C20: named after Brian David Josephson (born 1940), Welsh physicist; shared the Nobel prize for physics in 1973]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
There have also been attempts to use the Josephson Effect to create ordinary processors.
The realisation of the ampere is currently derived indirectly from resistance or voltage, which can be realised separately using the quantum Hall effect and the Josephson Effect. A fundamental definition of the ampere would allow a direct realisation that National Measurement Institutes around the world could adopt.
His theory predicted the properties of a supercurrent through tunnel barriers known as the Josephson effect.
The AC Josephson effect that can be used to detect mechanical motion of atoms or nanostructures has been reported by Alexei Marchenkov and Uzi Landman, Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Atlanta.
The experimental development of the Josephson effect allowed voltages to be linked to unchanging fundamental constants with extremely high precision and stability [8].
The team interprets the oscillation within the lattice that creates the pulses as the first evidence in a condensate of a phenomenon called the Josephson effect. In the effect, previously seen in superconductors and superfluids and of wide use in electronics, an oscillating flow of particles passes through a barrier.
Paterno, Physics and Applications of the Josephson Effect, New York: Wiley-Interscience Publications, 1982, pp.
At about the same time supercurrent junctions were found to exhibit the Josephson effect, namely, the flow of an electron-pair tunneling current through an insultor separating two superconductors.
Along with four other scientists, the Cardiff physicist won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1973 for his theory on predicting the properties of a supercurrent through tunnel barriers - known as the "Josephson effect".