Jury of matrons

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(Law) a jury of experienced women called to determine the question of pregnancy when set up in bar of execution, and for other cognate purposes.

See also: Matron

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in classic literature ?
It was a moving sight to behold him wasting away day by day, growing thinner and thinner and ghastlier and ghastlier, and staring with rueful visage from under an old patchwork counterpane, upon the jury of matrons kindly assembled to sigh and groan and look unhappy around him.
Another such "special" fact-finding body, to which Oldham devotes an entire chapter, was called a "jury of matrons." He describes how groups of "honest women of good reputation" were sometimes assigned to inspect the clothing of women accused of being witches to see if "instruments of witchcraft" were hidden in them.