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A city of north-central China south-southwest of Beijing on the Yellow River. It was an important dynastic capital.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a city in E China, in N Henan on the Yellow River: one of the oldest cities in China and its capital (as Pien-liang) from 907 to 1126. Pop: 810 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



a city in NE Henan province, in E China: a former provincial capital. 507,763.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
K'AI-FENG, THE CAPITAL of the Northern Sung, was probably the greatest city in the world just before the Jurchen warriors captured it in 1127.
It is just the opposite with K'ai-feng. Hardly anything from the Sung period can be seen today.
To the Chinese, in the emphatic words of Mote, "the past was a past of words, not of stones."(3) No other city exemplifies more aptly the truth of these remarks than K'ai-feng. No other Chinese capital left so few visible traces but inspired so many words of reminiscence.
Refugees from K'ai-feng had no problem finding suitable media to express their sorrows over the loss of the capital.
Meng Yuan-lao was very likely one of the refugees who found a sanctuary in the scenic city of Hangchow, the provisional capital of the Southern Sung.(7) The former residents of K'ai-feng would gather, often in the winehouses by the West Lake, to comfort each other and to reminisce about the old days.
From his Preface to the book we know that he first went to K'ai-feng and settled down there in 1103 with his father, who had served in various regions as a government official.
The new creation allowed him to accommodate many aspects of K'ai-feng in one single volume.
What Meng ignored were the unattractive aspects of K'ai-feng. With a population density estimated at 210 people per hectare, the old inner city must have had its share of crowding, poverty, and crime.(10) This we do not see at all in the Tung-ching meng hua lu.
There was, then, ample reason for the refugees in the south to remember and mourn the loss of K'ai-feng.
Tzu-mei [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] is the style of Su Shun-ch'in [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] (1008-48), the well-known poet and scholar-official, resident of K'ai-feng and, later, of Suchow.