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A city of north-central China south-southwest of Beijing on the Yellow River. It was an important dynastic capital.


(Placename) a city in E China, in N Henan on the Yellow River: one of the oldest cities in China and its capital (as Pien-liang) from 907 to 1126. Pop: 810 000 (2005 est)



a city in NE Henan province, in E China: a former provincial capital. 507,763.
References in periodicals archive ?
K'AI-FENG, THE CAPITAL of the Northern Sung, was probably the greatest city in the world just before the Jurchen warriors captured it in 1127.
Geography may have made K'ai-feng extremely vulnerable--the city has been inundated several times by the Yellow River since 1600, but all Chinese cities seem perishable.
Comparing K'ai-feng with the Byzantine capital again, we might say that if the Chinese city is not remembered in stones, Constantinople is not remembered in words.
Refugees from K'ai-feng had no problem finding suitable media to express their sorrows over the loss of the capital.
7) The former residents of K'ai-feng would gather, often in the winehouses by the West Lake, to comfort each other and to reminisce about the old days.
From his Preface to the book we know that he first went to K'ai-feng and settled down there in 1103 with his father, who had served in various regions as a government official.
The new creation allowed him to accommodate many aspects of K'ai-feng in one single volume.
What Meng ignored were the unattractive aspects of K'ai-feng.
There was, then, ample reason for the refugees in the south to remember and mourn the loss of K'ai-feng.
10) These additional annotations contain Chin-dynasty reign-names as well as several references to the "move of the year hsin-mao" ([UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED]), which the editors of the Ssu-k'u ch'uan-shu identify with the Mongols' conquest of Feng-hsiang [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] in 1231 and the subsequent flight of the inhabitants of the former capital district to the area around modern K'ai-feng, Honan.
Tzu-mei [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] is the style of Su Shun-ch'in [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] (1008-48), the well-known poet and scholar-official, resident of K'ai-feng and, later, of Suchow.