1865 The independent British colony of Kaffraria
is incorporated with Cape Colony in South Africa.
Regarding the Xhosa tribes under British protection, he wrote: 'let them alone, we have seized British Kaffraria
for no other purpose than to provide a frontier for the Colony' (Smith, Letter to Godlonton 10 Jan 1852 in Godlonton Corresp.).
One century before, Xhosa people had confronted an invading 'monster' called 'British Kaffraria
', militarized white power, 'which swallowed them up, tore them from their children' and, in the words of Jeff Peires, compelled them 'to make a final stand' (Peires 1981: 169).
The Ciskei was already part of British Kaffraria
, with King William's Town as the capital city.
, Clionella subventricosa Kilburn, 1985: 460, figs 18, 107-109.
certain institutions connected with the African marriage system, and in particular the practice of 'bride-price.' One result of this misunderstanding was seen in official declarations of policy, such as the demand by Sir Harry Smith in 1848 that the Natives of Kaffraria
should 'abolish the sin of buying of wives ....