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 (kăl′mĭk, kăl-mĭk′) or Kal·muk (kăl′mŭk, kăl-mŭk′)
n. pl. Kalmyk or Kal·myks or Kalmuk or Kal·muks
1. A member of a traditionally Buddhist Mongol people now located primarily in Kalmykia.
2. The Mongolic language of this people.

[Russian, from Kazan Tatar qalmïq.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.



n., pl. -myks (esp. collectively) -myk (-ˌhaʊ zɪz)
1. a member of a Mongolian people living mainly N of the Caspian Sea and W of the lower Volga River in S European Russia.
2. the language of the Kalmyks.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Germans, Chechens, Tatars, Kalmyks) from other soviet territories.
(13) Germans from the Volga and Ukraine were sent to Siberia; the small Karachais people, lived in the mountainous region of Elbrus were expelled in the same 1943; Kalmyks, the Crimean Tatars, Muslim Turks, not to mention others, were uprooted from their natal places before and immediately after the war ended.
Kazakh region is controlled by the Russians reasoning that Kalmyks intervene as a Mongol's origin and already captured Khanates and also the Kalymyks were moving into the Kazakh land from the east side in the late sixteenth century.
In the 18th century, the Kazakhs were forced to seek military protection from Russia due to multiple external aggressors, such as the Zhungars (Oirat Mongols), the Chinese, the Bashkirs, and the Kalmyks (Smagulova 2006, 305).
One of the world's oldest it has been practiced for over three centuries by Buryats, Kalmyks,Tuvans and other peoples native to this country, Buddhism's philosophy and spiritual practice have had a deep-reaching influence on the customs and traditions of all those who live here and all those who follow this religion.
Only in Catherine's time did the army increase in size, to about 280,000 infantry and 120,000 cavalry, about half of them Cossacks, including Bashkirs and Kalmyks. Thus by 1796 Russia fielded over 400,000 men.
Azerbaijanis, Turkestanis, Kalmyks, Ukrainians, Georgians, Armenians, and various others fought as part of the Wehrmacht's so-called Eastern Troops.
Lapplanders and Nubians, Eskimos and Somalis, Kalmyks and Indians, Senegalese and Hottentots, the inhabitants of the most varied zones, even those from the Antipodes extended their hands to one another during their travels through the capitals of Europe in the coming years.
The author partially reconstructs the less known episodes of Serbian cultural history such as the cultural encounter with the Kalmyks, a western Mongol people whose temple in Belgrade was the only place of Buddhist worship in Europe between 1929 and 1944.
The destruction and deportations affected, among others, the Ingrian Finns living near Leningrad, the Kalmyks from the Caspian Sea, the Chechens and the Ingush, people living in the Karachay Republic in the Caucasus, Crimean Tatars, and several thousand Greeks, who had settled on the peninsula centuries earlier.
For example, in the 19th Century Kalmyks (Oirats) and more neighboring Buryats from Russia regularly visited him to worship.