Therefore, in order to study this model, we consider the proposed gravity function F(T, [THETA]) in a five-dimensional space-time compressed by the

Kaluza-Klein theory [11,14]:

Suppression of singularities by the [g.sup.55] field with mass and classical vacuum polarization in a classical

Kaluza-Klein theory. Physical Review Letters, 1985, v.

For the FLRW metric, we first derive a modified Friedmann equation from the five-dimensional Fully covariant

Kaluza-Klein theory with a scalar field (Zhang, ApJL 2006, 636, L61 and references therein), which unifies the four-dimensional Einsteinian general theory of relativity and Maxwellian electromagnetic theory.

Hyperspace theory is also referred to as

Kaluza-Klein theory and supergravity.

It wasn't until the early 1980s that physics resurrected the 60-year-old

Kaluza-Klein theory. Actually, some clues were incipient in the late 1960s when the five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein model exhibited a certain freedom to impose symmetry on hyperspace, where Maxwell's field appeared out of Riemann metric space almost as if by magic.

Our model is, in fact, a generalization of

Kaluza-Klein theory to 11 + 3-dimensional space-time.

A 5D gravity is a

Kaluza-Klein theory that unifies the 4D Einsteinian general relativity (GR) and Maxwellian electromagnetism (EM).

Recently, the author has developed a new mechanism for supernova explosion caused by gravitational field shielding [18], in accordance with his five-dimensional (5D) fully covariant

Kaluza-Klein theory with a scalar field [8,19,20].

The cosmological constant problem and

Kaluza-Klein theory. International Journal of Modern Physics D, 2001, v.

Suppression of singularities by the [9.sup.55] field with mass and classical vacuum polarization in a classical

Kaluza-Klein theory. Physical Review Letters, 1985, v.

This was first conjectured in

Kaluza-Klein theory [19].

On the other hand,

Kaluza-Klein theory geometrically unified the four-dimensional Einsteinian general theory of relativity and Maxwellian electromagnetic theory into a five-dimensional unification theory ([7-9] for the original studies, [10] for an extensive review, and [11, 12] for the field solutions).