Of late in Moscow and in the country, since he had become convinced that he would find no solution in the materialists, he had read and reread thoroughly Plato, Spinoza, Kant
, Schelling, Hegel, and Schopenhauer, the philosophers who gave a non-materialistic explanation of life.
In the earlier series of books containing, among others, Bosanquet's "History of Aesthetic," Pfleiderer's "Rational Theology since Kant
," Albee's "History of English Utilitarianism," Bonar's "Philosophy and Political Economy," Brett's "History of Psychology," Ritchie's "Natural Rights," these objects were to a large extent effected.
From the time of Descartes to Hume and Kant
it has had little or nothing to do with facts of science.
Such has Swedenborg, such has Kant
, such has Coleridge, such has Hegel or his interpreter Cousin seemed to many young men in this country.
De Quincey was hardly less autobiographical when he wrote of Kant
, or the Flight of the Crim-Tartars, than when he wrote of his own boyhood or the miseries of the opium habit.
miself ure onur nose I kant
bee of ani farder sarvis to u in that
Also, he used to call me his dualist, and he would explain how Kant
, by means of pure reason, had abolished reason, in order to worship God.
Neither did Kant
when he devised the Categorical Imperative.
If one classed him at all it would be as the countryman of Hegel and Kant
, as the idealist, inclined to be dreamy, whose Imperialism was the Imperialism of the air.
The conversations were miles beyond Jo's comprehension, but she enjoyed it, though Kant
and Hegel were unknown gods, the Subjective and Objective unintelligible terms, and the only thing `evolved from her inner consciousness' was a bad headache after it was all over.
The medieval metaphysics of Kant
had given him the key to nothing, and had served the sole purpose of making him doubt his own intellectual powers.
His main interest, however, was now in philosophy; perhaps no Englishman has ever had a more profoundly philosophical mind; and through scattered writings and through his stimulating though prolix talks to friends and disciples he performed a very great service to English thought by introducing the viewpoint and ideas of the German transcendentalists, such as Kant
, Schelling, and Fichte.