Kaposi's sarcoma


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Ka·po·si's sarcoma

 (kə-pō′sēz, kăp′ə-)
n. Abbr. KS
A cancer characterized by numerous bluish-red nodules on the skin, usually on the lower extremities, that is endemic to equatorial Africa and often occurs in a particularly virulent form in people with AIDS.

[After Moritz Kaposi (1837-1902), Austrian dermatologist.]

Kaposi's sarcoma

(kæˈpəʊsɪz)
n
(Pathology) a form of skin cancer found in Africans and more recently in victims of AIDS
[C20: named after Moritz Kohn Kaposi (1837–1902), Austrian dermatologist who first described the sores that characterize the disease]

Ka′po•si's sarco′ma

(ˈkɑ pə siz, ˈkæp ə-)
n.
a cancer of connective tissue characterized by painless purplish red blotches appearing on the skin.
[after Hungarian dermatologist Moritz Kaposi, or Moriz Kohn (1837–1902), who described it in 1872]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Kaposi's sarcoma - a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the feet and legs and spreads from the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs; a common manifestation of AIDS; "until 1980 Kaposi's sarcoma occurred almost exclusively with Jewish or Italian or black men"
sarcoma - a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer
References in periodicals archive ?
A Kaposi's sarcoma is a rare type of cancer caused by a virus called the human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8), also known as the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV).
- The US Food and Drug Administration has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to Pomalyst (pomalidomide) for the treatment of patients with human immunodeficiency virus -positive Kaposi sarcoma who have previously received systemic chemotherapy, as well as patients with HIV-negative Kaposi's sarcoma, US-based Celgene Corp.
Food and Drug Administration has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to POMALYST for the treatment of patients with human immunodeficiency virus-positive Kaposi sarcoma who have previously received systemic chemotherapy, as well as patients with HIV-negative Kaposi's sarcoma. Kaposi sarcoma is a multicentric tumor caused by Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, also called human herpesvirus-8.
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) was defined by Moritz Kaposi in 1872 (1).
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a multicentric angioproliferative malignancy of endothelial cell origin associated with human herpesvirus 8 infection.
Results of chemotherapy in 30 AIDS patients with symptomatic pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma. Thorax 1994;49:958-60.
Gastrointestinal Kaposi's sarcoma: Case report and review of the literature.
"We're now seeing a lot of HIV-infected patients presenting once again with skin symptoms," including new-onset psoriasis, poorly controlled seborrheic dermatitis, and even Kaposi's sarcoma, she said in a video interview at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Kaposi's sarcoma and multicentric Castleman's disease VHH-8 positive--HIV negative: An etiological subgroup
(1-3) Clinically as well as pathologically, it mimics Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and other mesenchymal tumours.
A recent Cochrane review found a lack of information on the effective treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in children with chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).