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 (kə-rē′lē-ə, -rēl′yə, -ryĕ′lē-yə)
A region of northwest Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea. Inhabited since ancient times by the Karelians, the area later came under Swedish domination and was annexed by Russia (1721). Incorporated as a semiautonomous republic of the USSR (1923), Karelia became a member of the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union (1992).


(kəˈriːlɪə; Russian kaˈreljə)
1. (Placename) a region of NE Europe comprising areas of both Finland and Russia. Following the Russo-Finnish War (1939–40) a large part of what had been Finnish Karelia was annexed by the former Soviet Union; together with the part of Karelia which already belonged to Russia at that time, it corresponds roughly to the modern Karelian Republic in Russia
2. (Placename) another name for the Karelian Republic


(kəˈril yə)

1. a region in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, comprising Lake Ladoga and Onega Lake and the adjoining area along the E border of Finland.
2. Karelian Autonomous Republic.
Ka•re′li•an, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Karelia - a region in Finland and Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea
Finland, Republic of Finland, Suomi - republic in northern Europe; achieved independence from Russia in 1917
Russian Federation, Russia - a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state
Carelian, Karelian - a member of the Finnish people living in Karelia in northwestern European Russia
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to their small numbers, there were other Finns who crossed over into Karelia in the 1920s and 1930s (or "border hoppers"), but the two largest ethnic groups there were native Karelians and Russians, whose numbers would continue to increase as a result of migration from other parts of the Soviet Union.
Open Competition: Works on development of project documentation on the assignment in the Arkhangelsk State Museum of Wooden Architecture and Folk Art Small Karelians to an object of cultural heritage of federal importance as a cultural heritage site
Several books, articles, and films have emerged in recent decades, but most of them reflect the geopolitical, linguistic, and cultural divisions that were evident in Karelia in the 1930s when Finns, Russians, Karelians, Canadians, Americans, and others came together to construct a proletarian utopia.
More precisely, they were--and are--called Karelians and spoke the Karelian dialect, which is a Finnish marked by numerous Russian-language expressions.
Among the population of the territory there were some 120,000 Karelians, roughly equal to the number of Russians, most of whom were illiterate peasants.
and in the language of the given nation in 16 volumes altogether (as the Mordovians and the Karelians have two standard languages, both were included, resulting in 2-2 books for them.
The reason for this, it appeared, was that these people, who were not Russians but Karelians, from the country lying to the west between Finland and the White Sea, then occupied by German-led Finns, would not bear arms or fight for the Bolsheviks.
Finns first bred the black-and-white Karelians (named for a geographic region along the Finland-Russia border) in the 1600s for hunting bears.
Hunts breeds her Karelians from a pair she acquired in 1982.
Finland, small though it may be, had aspirations toward a Greater Finland, a union encompassing the Ingrians, Vepsians, and Karelians subdued within the great Soviet Empire.
A-sarja 18/1995, Kuopio), and together with Tuija Saarinen a book about the history and culture of three Orthodox ethnic groups: Skolts, Karelians and Setos (Koltat, karjalaiset ja setukaiset.