Incidentally, Georgian may also be the source for the suffix 4shi (for which there seems to be no parallel in Hurrian), the postposition --si = "in, into." Perhaps Tolkien was drawing upon the extraordinary research resources available at Oxford, which held the most important archive pertaining to Kartvelian
Studies outside Georgia (the Wardrop Collection).
History of Georgia, Georgian Literature, Kartvelian
Languages) can be regarded as country-specific.
(6) Georgian (Kartvelian
, Georgia--Manana Topadze, personal communication) a.
The "Nostratic hypothesis" characteristically posits the existence of genetic connections between the following: 1) Indo-European; 2) Uralic; 3) Altaic; 4) Afroasiatic (this includes Semitic); 5) Kartvelian
(Southern Caucasian); 6) Dravidian.
Georgian, a South Caucasian (or "Kartvelian
") language, unrelated to any outside the immediate region, is one of the oldest living languages in the world and has its own distinct alphabet.
The various forms of this tongue are known as Kartvelian
(4) The Russians Illic-Svitych and Dolgopolsky reconstructed the superfamily to which Indo-European and other major language families belonged (Afro-Asiatic, Kartvelian
, Uralic, Altaic, and Dravidian) and termed this proto language Nostratic.
The languages taken into consideration, which show, at least in some cases, a derivational expression of aspectual values, represent three major phyla: Indo-European (English, German, Baltic and Slavic), Uralic (Hungarian) and South Caucasian or Kartvelian
Hewitt: Georgian, Mingrelian, Laz and Svan are the four members of the South Caucasian (or Kartvelian
Originally interested in whether Indo-European might be related to Semitic languages, the author has since become a strong proponent of the theory that Indo-European is one of many daughter languages of a Nostratic macrofamily of Afrasian, Elamo-Dravidian, Kartvelian
, and Eurasiatic.
There can be little doubt that Illic-Svityc was influenced by his ideas concerning Nostratic, a super-family that includes Altaic, Uralic, and Indo-European among several other language groups--Afro-Asiatic, Kartvelian
, and Dravidian.