Focusing on the challenges to Kemalist ideology
in the 1980s and 1990s, the first three of the book's six chapters explore the state's attempt to maintain hegemony over society, politics, and culture as Turkey opened itself to world markets and foreign influence.
After the treaty, the Cumhuriyet (Republic) was quickly established on October 29, 1923, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (later known by his given surname Ataturk, "The Father of Turks") who build a laik state under his Kemalist ideology
A guardian of Kemalist ideology
, it has in the past very successfully intervened in politics against incursions of religion or leaders showing signs of authoritarianism.
This ideology is not even the Kemalist ideology
. It even transcends the Kemalist ideology
His continued presence in the Turkish political arena is an indicator of the weakening of Kemalist ideology
. Erdogan has once again created ripples by claiming, "Muslims, not Columbus, discovered Americas" (Nov.
But that was ended in 1924 by then ruler Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish republic and initiator of the secular Kemalist ideology
. On the other hand, there are speculations that the Kemalist TAF command may stage a military coup d'etat against AKP rule before the constitution is amended.
The second constitution was issued in 1961 which upheld the republic's Kemalist ideology
. The third one, promulgated in 1982, was drawn up under military rule and gave great powers to the generals as being the defenders of Kemalism, curbed individual rights and largely ignored Turkey's minorities, including the Alevis and Kurds.
However, according to the new Turkish linguistic discourse based on Kemalist ideology
the "ulus" was adapted by liberals, "progressive" currents and the left.
Unlu exposes the contradictions immanent in this national-statist project against the commons by showing the manner in which Kurds constitute an indigenous figure in the Turkish body politic, as its leading modernizers have promoted the dominant Kemalist ideology
, which has invented the nationalist myth of 'Turkishness'--just as 'whiteness' was invented in the racialized class politics of U.S.
He has broken the power of the military old guard and the hold of its stale Kemalist ideology
- the secular nationalism introduced by Turkey's first president, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - thereby permanently altering the makeup of Turkish politics.
He was one of several writers who set out to remold and educate people as modern Turks, but not necessarily in line with Kemalist ideology
. Following the enactment of the Law on the Maintenance of Order in March 1925, several newspapers were closed down: Tevhidi Efkar (Unification of Opinions), Son Telgraf (The Latest Dispatch) and Istiklal (Independence), amongst others.
But the government now is facing the possibility of a ban on the AKP by the Constitutional Court on grounds that it is not secular in line with the Turkey's Kemalist ideology
(see who's who in Review No.