ketone

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Related to Keton: ketosis, ketone group

ke·tone

 (kē′tōn′)
n.
1. Any of a class of organic compounds, such as acetone, characterized by having a carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is bonded to two other hydrocarbon groups and having the general formula R(CO)R′, where R may be the same as R′.

[German Keton, shortening and alteration of Aceton, acetone : Latin acētum, vinegar; see acetum + German -on, n. suff. (alteration of -en, from Greek -ēnē).]

ke·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ketone

(ˈkiːtəʊn)
n
(Chemistry) any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, where R and R′ are alkyl or aryl groups. See also acetone
[C19: from German Keton, from Aketon acetone]
ketonic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ke•tone

(ˈki toʊn)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3.
[1850–55; < German Keton]
ke•ton′ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ke·tone

(kē′tōn′)
Any of a class of organic compounds, such as acetone, having a group consisting of a carbon and an oxygen atom (CO) joined on either side to a carbon atom of a hydrocarbon radical.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
nabumetone, Relafen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Relafen)
Clinoril, sulindac - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
Tolectin, tolmetin sodium - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Tolectin)
acetone, dimethyl ketone, propanone - the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
butanone, methyl ethyl ketone - colorless soluble flammable liquid ketone used as a solvent for resins and as a paint remover and in lacquers and cements and adhesives and cleaning fluids and celluloid
flavin - a ketone that forms the nucleus of certain natural yellow pigments like riboflavin
acetone body, ketone body - a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
cetonaquetona
keton
keton
xeton

ketone

n cetona
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It will feature Charlie Chaplin in "A Day's Pleasure" (1919); Buster Keton and Fatty Arbuckle in "The Bell Boy" (1918); and Harold Lloyd in "High and Dizzy" (1921).
Kalp enerjisini serbest yag asitleri, glukoz, laktat ve keton cisimleri gibi cesitli kaynaklardan elde ettiginden, bu kaynaklari kullanarak kalp metabolizmasini incelemek mumkundur.
reported a temperature-responsive heteropolyacid (Ch[H.sub.2]PW12[O.sub.40]) catalyst, prepared by [H.sub.3]P[W.sub.12][O.sub.40] and choline chloride (ChCl) as raw materials, which was used for one-pot transformation of cellulose to 5-HMF in the biphasic solvent system including [H.sub.2]O and methyl isobutyl keton (MIBK) ([H.sub.2]O/MIBK), leading to 75.0% 5-HMF yield and 87.0% cellulose conversion at the volumetric ratio of [H.sub.2]O/MIBK=1 : 10 at 140[degrees]C for 8 h (Table 5, entry 2) [334].
Ultrasonik aletler ise polieter keton kapli uAs.lar yardimiyla implant As.evresi birikintilerin uzaklastirilmasinda kullanilmaktadir (36).
In this situation decreased glucose utilization and parallel increase in fatty acids oxidation and keton bodies production takes place.
(2016) Basic keton engine and booster glucose engine.