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n. pl. Khitan or Khi·tans
1. A member of a Mongol people who established the Khitan Liao dynasty in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia in the 10th century.
2. The language of this people.

[Akin to Persian Khutan and Mandarin Qìdā (from Middle Chinese khit tan), ultimately from the Khitan ethnic self-designation of unknown meaning.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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This indeed can be further linked to the more successful efforts by the Khitan and Jurchen rulers of the Liao [phrase omitted] and Jin [phrase omitted] dynasties, respectively, in creating the writing scripts for their "national languages," (20) and the even more impressive creation of the sophisticated Tangut script, all more or less based on the Chinese script.
"We were very pleased with the news, and we gathered around 15 Omani workers in Kuwait at a house in Khitan village to listen to the first speech of His Majesty the Sultan," he added.
Under the royal decree,journalist and political analyst Fahad al- Khitan was named as Chairman of the station with Ayman Safadi, Marwan Jumaa, Nart Buran and Bassem Tweisi as board members.
Fascinating details of this process are preserved in a text compiled by one of his former students, Yelu Youshang [phrase omitted] (1235-1320), a Khitan and distant descendant of the Liao ruling house.
It is also known as "female circumcision" or "cutting", and by other terms such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan.
Among their topics are some aspects of the language usage of the Darkhat and Oirat female shamans, pronouns and other terms of address in Khalkha Mongolian, Sino-Mongolics in the Qugiz epic poem K|k|t|y's Memorial Feast, by Sagimbay Orozbaq uulu, reflexes of the *VgV and *VxV groups in the Mongol vocabulary of the Sino-Mongol glossary Dada y/Beilu yiya of the late-16th-to-early 17th-centuries, and last-words of Xiao Chala Zionggong in Khitan script.
In 993, General Xiao Sunning of the Liao Dynasty led 800,000 Khitan soldiers and invaded part of Goryeo's northern territory including near Pyongyang in North Korea.
See also Kathryn Kueny, Circumcision (Khitan), in 1 MEDIEVAL ISLAMIC
In the book, China's images in the western world are chronologically divided into eight volumes: The Legend of Khitan, The Great Chinese Empire, The Chinese Tide of the Century, The Empire of Opium, The Historical Shipwrecks, The Utopia of Confucianism, The Second Human Being, and The Mirage of Dragon.
The consent of her mother to the violation her body (Khitan) in childhood and her personal experience as a girl, always inferior to her brother in her family, affected her personal development and her perception of Muslim tradition, Egyptian social conventions and the customs of Arab society at large.
It is associated with invasions and the rise of regimes alien to China - the Khitan Liao, the Hsi Hsia, and the Jurchen Chin from the 9th century.