In November last year, the ECCC, also known as the Khmer Rouge tribunal, found 92-year-old Chea, who was second in command to Pol Pot and known as 'Brother Number Two', guilty of genocide against ethnic Vietnamese, the Cham Muslim minority and former officials in the previous Khmer Republic
Soon after seizing power, they arrested and killed thousands of soldiers, military officers and civil servants from the Khmer Republic
led by then-Marshal Lon Nol, whom they did not regard as 'pure.' Over the next three years (1975 to 1978) they executed hundreds of thousands of intellectuals, city residents and minority people like the Cham, Vietnamese and Chinese.
In 1975, Pol Pot's communist Khmer Rouge regime overthrew Cambodia's then pro-US Khmer Republic
Pol Pot led the Communist Khmer Rouge who overthrew the sitting Khmer Republic
and renamed the country "Democratic Kampuchea."
Pol Pot led the communist Khmer Rouge who overthrew the sitting Khmer Republic
and renamed the country "Democratic Kampuchea." Within hours of victory in 1975, armed soldiers began herding the two million residents out of Phnom Penh.
With Losing Vietnam: How America Abandoned Southeast Asia, Ira Hunt adds to the literature by offering an analysis of the collapse of South Vietnam and the Khmer Republic
and strives to correct misperceptions about the denouement of the war; instead, he accidentally offers a window into the mindset that contributed to America's defeat in Indochina.
Ceylon is now Sri Lanka, Burma is now Myanmar, and Cambodia became the Khmer Republic
and then became Kampuchea and then became Cambodia again.
During the final years of the Khmer Republic
, he worked at the Ministry of Information.
On October 9, the Cambodian monarchy was abolished, and the country was renamed the Khmer Republic
. Hanoi rejected the new republic's request for the withdrawal of NVA/VC troops and began to re-infiltrate some of the 2,000-4,000 Cambodians who had gone to North Vietnam in 1954.
(81) Sak Sutsakhan, The Khmer Republic
at war and the final collapse (Washington, DC: Indochina Monographs, 1978).
More than half of the book is dedicated to the period from 1970 through the present, with chapters on the Khmer Republic
, Democratic Kampuchea, the second civil war, the road to democracy, and Cambodia under Hun Sen.