Those killings can be explained by the white man's greed for land and their fight for colonization: "The Khoekhoe
were at war with the Dutch, who had arrived years ago and who were themselves at war with the English, who fought us, the Dutch and the Trekboers for possession of what no one really owned: the land" (Chase-Riboud 14).
In its second edition (1789), words from 33 African languages--2 from North Africa, 23 from Western Sudan, 6 from the Bantu people, Khoekhoe
language of southwestern Africa and Arab language of Madagascar--were included.
Researchers acknowledge an overlap between forager San beliefs as recorded in this literature and pastoralist Khoekhoe
In addition, there remain approximately a quarter of a million KhoeKhoe
speakers in southern Africa, although these individuals live primarily in Namibia.
The Griqua people are descendants of Khoekhoe
pastoralists, European settlers, San hunter-gatherers, formerly enslaved people from farms of the Cape Colony, and Bantu-speaking Africans, says Schweitzer, and since they emerged as a group during the 18th century, they have struggled for land and autonomy.
The phonotactic rules that result from the presence of [[??]], [!], [|], and [[??]] in the phonetic inventory of Khoekhoe
, Sandawe, !Kung, and other Khoisan languages are bewilderingly unfamiliar to speakers of Indo-European languages.
When the Dutch first arrived in the Cape of Good Hope, originally as part of a refreshment station for Dutch merchant vessels but later for many other reasons, they landed in a vast wilderness only sparsely inhabited by the nomadic Khoekhoe
. The Afrikaners' real contact with indigenous black peoples to the East--the Bantu tribes, many of which were brutal to a degree incomprehensible to the Western mind-- came much later as whites moved north and east across Southern Africa and the Bantu tribes went south and west.
Their heritage is originally Khoekhoe
and Dutch but at its annual commemoration of Sam IKhubis outside Rehoboth, the group proudly wears the Dutch-style dresses and head adornments favoured by their slavemasters and acknowledges little cultural affiliation with existing Khoekhoe
It is tempting to read metonymically the hedge planted by officials of the Dutch East India Company outside the precincts of the Castle at the Cape to control incursions by the Khoekhoe
. In figural terms it could be taken to foreshadow the patrolled frontiers, buffer zones, cordons sanitaire, influx controls, and now the booms, electric fences and access control of suburban enclaves.