The Kika (or Kibei
in the United States) were a special category of the Nisei, born on North-American soil, but sent by parents back to the homeland, to be raised and educated.
Budget constraints led to the merger of three space station projects with the Japanese KibEi
module and Canadian robotics.
The JACL supported Myer's assimilationist beliefs and policies, but its prominence often was resented by traditional Issei community leaders and by Kibei
, American-born Nisei raised and educated in Japan.
Americans of Japanese ancestry, and Japanese immigrants in the United States, fell into one of three categories: the "immigrants [who were] called the Issei, in contrast to the first generation of ethnic Japanese born in this country, who [were] referred to as the Nisei, and those who returned to Japan as children to be educated, who [were] known as the Kibei
In fact, the large number of Kibei
and other Japanese American members staying in Japan either for Kibei
or for personal educational or employment testify strongly to the transnational background of the pre-World War II Japanese American communities.
, Nisei born here but sent to Japan by their families for three or more years of education before returning (Hosokawa 1969: 296).
83) The film documents the post-camp life of artist Jimmy Tsutomu Mirikitani, a kibei
The ten of the forty-five graduates who were kept as instructors at Camp Savage, Minnesota, were all Kibei
, Japanese born in America but educated in Japan.
It wasn't until the late 1950s that she began putting pen to paper to tell the fascinating yet troubling stories of America's Issei, Nisei, and Kibei
(a Nisei sent to Japan for education).
The WRA wanted to differentiate the attitudes of the Kibei
, Japanese Americans who had been educated in Japan, from the Nisei and Issei.
The latter report established a good case for removing several hundred Kibei
(Nisei who had spent time in Japan).
192 (quoting MINORU KIYOTA, BEYOND LOYALTY: THE STORY OF A KIBEI
111-12 (Linda Kepinger Keenan trans.