"The ruling ideology has shifted from centering around Kim Il Sung
to Kim Il Sung
and Kim Jong Il, while Kim Jong Un has been elevated to the same status as the elder Kims," the source was quoted as saying.
Lankov, who has decades of experience studying the inner workings of the isolated regime, begins the book with an overview of the history of the nation and lives of its people, from how it transformed from a Soviet client state to an "archetypal National Stalinist regime", under the leadership of its founding father Kim Il Sung
The son, Kim Jong Un, presided over a solemn ceremony to reopen the sprawling granite mausoleum where his father's embalmed remains will lie in state near those of his grandfather, the nation's founder Kim Il Sung
Citizens and military personnel lined up, laid flowers and floral baskets and bowed for a moment of silence before the bronze statues of state founder Kim Il Sung
and Kim Jong Il on Mansu Hill in Pyongyang.
[bar] North Korean female soldiers march during a mass military parade in Kim Il Sung
Square in Pyongyang to celebrate 100 years since the birth of the North Korean founder Kim Il Sung
Kim Jong-il, a graduate of Pyongyang's Kim il Sung
University, was 33 when his father anointed him his eventual successor.
A portrait of a giant red flag with an image of his father, a smiling Kim Il Sung
, dominated the backdrop.
After more than half a century of the bizarre Marxist dictatorships of Kim Il Sung
and his son, Kim Jong Il, North Korea cannot even feed its 23 million people, and it imprisons or executes those who speak out or protest.
Five North Korean central government arms have adopted a joint decision to hold massive commemorative events to mark the 90th birthday of late North Korean President Kim Il Sung
in April next year, according to North Korean state media Thursday.
Carter had received invitations from Kim Il Sung
in 1991, 1992, and 1993 to visit Pyongyang, but each time he had been asked by the State Department not to go, on grounds that his trip would complicate the Korean problem rather than help to resolve it.
(Two wall drawings suggested the same thing could have been accomplished with baseballs or hotdogs.) Non-Cubans can wonder to what extent Kcho's titles form a typical cross-section of the available reading matter in Castro's Cuba: certainly there were works that represented nationalistic interests (volumes on Cuban history and geography) as well as Marxist philosophy (anyone for the works of Kim Il Sung
?), but there was also a curious smattering of foreign literature in translation; for instance, El Cartero Llama Dos Veces (The postman always rings twice - in this context James M.
This is in contrast to the repressive state appointing birthdays of North Korea founder Kim Il Sung
and the incumbent leader's father Kim Jong-il as national holidays and magnificently celebrating them.