Juche is the philosophy of self-reliance espoused by Kim Jong Un's grandfather and state founder Kim Il Sung
The North Korean leader, Kim Jong Il is expected to take the top positions of state sometime after July, when a three-year mourning period is over for his father, Kim Il Sung
The New Year's speech by Kim, who took power after the death of his father and former leader Kim Jong Il in December 2011, follows the leadership style of his grandfather and state founder Kim Il Sung
, rather than Kim Jong Il who rarely spoke in public.
North Korea staged a military parade Sunday, the centennial of the birth of state founder Kim Il Sung
, as the country's failed rocket launch Friday prompted other countries to condemn it for conducting a covert test of missile technology, an allegation Pyongyang denies.
Hwang is roughly the 25th-ranking leader in the North Korean hierarchy and a relative of the late Kim Il Sung
, known as the ``Great Leader.
Earlier on Monday, Kim Jong Un, the dead leader's third son, and his wife Ri Sol Ju attended an inauguration ceremony for the palace, just as the Kumsusan Assembly Hall, where Kim Jong Il's father and the country's founder Kim Il Sung
served as leader, reopened as the Kumsusan Memorial Palace on the first anniversary on July 8, 1995 of the founder's death.
Superiority in military technology is no longer a monopoly of the imperialists, and an era when enemies threatened and blackmailed us with atomic bombs has gone forever,'' Kim Jong Un said in a 20-minute address, stressing his country's possession of nuclear deterrents as he spoke on the centennial of the birth of his grandfather and state founder Kim Il Sung
But without direct contact with the secretive Pyongyang government, relatively faceless after the death of Kim Il Sung
in July 1994 and the stillborn emergence of his successor and son, Kim Jong Il, American officials do not really know.
The palace, formerly the Kumsusan Memorial Palace, also houses the embalmed body of Kim Jong Il's father and the country's founder Kim Il Sung
Kim Jong Un attended a national memorial service at Kim Il Sung
Square, Pyongyang's main plaza named after his grandfather and state founder, filled by an estimated 100,000 military officers and citizens who mourned the late leader.
Earlier Sunday, Kim Jong Un, flanked by senior party, state and military officials, visited the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, a mausoleum of Kim Il Sung
and Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang, and observed a moment of silence before a portrait of smiling Kim Jong Il.