, for example, is described as a mix of "the German, the Sclave, and the Semite"--undoubtedly markers of otherness in Victorian Britain.
My argument here contrasts with that of Allan Arkush, "Revitalizing Nationalism: The Role of Klesmer
in George Eliot's Daniel Deronda," Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, and Society 3.3 (1997): 68, who argues for a "deep discrepancy" between Mordecai's viewpoint and Eliot's.
As the musician Klesmer
puts it in Daniel Deronda, 'A creative artist is no more a mere musician than a great statesman is a mere politician.' (5) Klesmer
represents a European concept of artistic elitism; a virtuoso drilled in a tradition he must conserve and extend.
's refusal to encourage Gwendolen to pursue a vocation has been criticized as George Eliot's unsympathetic view of the woman question, (17) but she is only saying that Gwendolen's lack of interest in submitting to the discipline necessary to be a success guarantees her failure.
Investigadores como Cummins, (1981), Klesmer
, (1994) y Hakuta et al, (2000) cifran en una media de cinco anos para que un alumno clasificado como ESL.L (English Second Language learner) alcance el nivel para ser competente en ingles en terminos academicos o una media de uno a dos anos en alcanzar competencia conversacional.
There is a character in the novel, a Herr Klesmer
, who is a musician and a voice teacher.
In Deronda an artist such as Klesmer
can direct it positively into music so that it becomes a kind of equivalent to a sense of nationality, though he has little interest in race or nationhood, marrying an Englishwoman and leaving England; according to Catherine Arrowpoint, he has 'cosmopolitan ideas' and 'looks forward to the fusion of races'.
In a Canadian study, Klesmer
(1994) found that teachers overestimated the achievement of 12-year-old ESL students on a set of reading, writing, speaking, and listening tasks.
(19.) Fricchione GL, Woznicki RM, Klesmer
J, May SC.
The latter is embodied in a "distinctly Jewish" composer named Klesmer
(the Yiddish word for "musician") who is also closely associated in spirit with Wagner.
George Eliot contributes to this pro-Jewish observation in her depiction of Herr Klesmer
, the Jewish music master in Daniel Deronda.