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 (kĭl-bä′sə, kēl-)
A spicy smoked Polish sausage.

[Polish kiel̷basa, from East and West Slavic *kŭlbasa, from East Turkic kül bassï, grilled cutlet, from Turkic kül bastï : kül, coals, ashes + bastï, pressed (meat) (from basmaq, to press).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌkiːlˈbaːsə; ˌkɪlˈbaːsə) or


(Cookery) a traditional garlic sausage of Eastern European origin
[from Polish kiełbasa, Ukrainian kovbasa]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(kɪlˈbɑ sə, kil-)

n., pl. -sas, -sy (-sē).
a smoked sausage of coarsely chopped beef and pork, flavored with garlic and spices.
[1950–55; < Polish kiełbasa sausage]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
We used the 20-item scale developed by Maddi, Kobasa, and Hoover (1979) and revised by Hirschfeld and Feild (2000) to measure work alienation.
Mitnaul, L.J., Matrosovich, M.N., Castrucci, M.R., Tuzikov, A.B., Bovin, N.V., Kobasa, D.
Kobasa y cols (8) mencionaron por primera vez el concepto de "personalidad resiliente" en 1982, en relacion con la idea de proteccion frente a los factores que provocan estres.
The concept of robustness was introduced by Kobasa (1979) as an individual variable with significance in stress endurance.
La personalidad resistente, concepto desarrollado por Susan Kobasa y Salvatore Maddi (1979), esta constituida por tres elementos que son el compromiso, el control y el reto.
Kobasa, "Stressful life events, personality, and health: an inquiry into hardiness," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.
Characteristics of resilient individuals similarly viewed change or stress as a challenge, were highly committed, and recognized the limits of control (Kobasa, 1979).
Hardiness includes having a commitment to a purposeful life, and accepting the challenge that life's inevitable changes bring (Kobasa, 1979).
However, the failure of the supervisor to prevent instances of decreased justice can be considered an act of betrayal, in which workers will respond by decreasing their work behaviors, for example, OCB (Bordia et al., 2008; Coyle-Shapiro, 2002; Harris & Kacmar, 2006; Kobasa & Puccetti, 1983).
In one of the most in-depth studies to examine personality and stress, Kobasa et al6 found that individuals high in hardiness tended to experience less stress and hardy individuals have the ability to behave in an adaptive manner when stress is experienced.