Like most of the tractates in Seder Kodashim
, the division of the Talmud that deals with "sacred things," Temura is primarily about animal sacrificein particular, the rules governing the substitution of one consecrated animal for another.
(9) Even the Talmud recognizes the need for at least small reminders of nature wherever we are: "It is forbidden to live in a town where there is no garden or greenery" (Jerusalem Talmud Kodashim
The Ark of the Covenant was kept in a special chamber within the Temple called the Holy of Holies (Kodesh Kodashim
O fairest of women, Go follow the tracks of the sheep (Song of Songs 1:8)--go and walk in the footsteps of your holy forefathers (kodashim
or kedoshim?) who went and walked there with their sheep." (1)
Tractate Menahot (sing., minhah) is the second tractate of the fifth order (Seder Kodashim
, "Holy Things") of the Babylonian Talmud.
And it has indeed come close to achievement, for there are tractates to all the Orders except to the Fifth - Kodashim
. The present volume under review, containing three middle volumes of the Second Order, is a fair representation of the Order.
* A commentary on Psalms 120, 3 appears in The Talmud (Arachin 15:B in the Kodashim
tractate), hinting at the basically deceitful nature of the human tongue, against which there can exist no protection: "So did the Lord say to the tongue: Man's every organ is erect, only you lie low, man's every organ is outside, only you are inside, and I have even surrounded you by two walls, one of bone, the other of flesh -- 'What shall be given to you, and what more shall be done to you, you deceitful tongue?'"
Over the last year, Daf Yomi readers have been exploring Seder Kodashim
, the division of the Talmud that deals with "holy things"that is, things pertaining to the Temple service.
This week, Daf Yomi readers began Tractate Hullin, the third tractate in the division of the Talmud called Kodashim
, or "sacred things." Yet the word "hullin" means "profane," and the subject of the tractate is the slaughter of non-sacred animalsthat is, animals that are killed in order to be eaten, rather than to be sacrificed in Jerusalem.
One-fifth of the pentateuchal books (Leviticus) and one-third of the talmudic orders (Kodashim
) are devoted to sacrifices.