Korsakoff's syndrome

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Kor·sa·koff syndrome

 (kôr′sə-kôf′, -kŏf′) also Kor·sa·koff's syndrome (-kôfs′, -kŏfs′)
A neurological syndrome characterized by loss of coordination, disorientation, and memory loss, often accompanied by confabulation. It results from thiamine deficiency, which can be caused by chronic alcoholism, malnutrition, or other factors. Also called Korsakoff psychosis.

[After Sergei Sergeevich Korsakoff (1854-1900), Russian neurologist.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Korsakoff's syndrome - dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact
dementedness, dementia - mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
References in periodicals archive ?
When Emma was 24 her mum was diagnosed with Korsakoff's syndrome, a form of alcohol-related brain damage which leads to memory loss.
Neuroimaging of Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff's syndrome.
This article focuses on MRI, DTI, and MRS findings in neurological disorders that commonly co-occur with alcoholism, including Wernicke's encephalopathy, Korsakoff's syndrome, and hepatic encephalopathy.
It includes alcohol-related dementia; Korsakoff's syndrome, a neurological disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B1 in the brain; Wernicke's encephalopathy, alcohol-related brain injury and alcohol amnesic syndrome.
The most important is the Korsakoff's Syndrome (KS), the continuum of thiamine deficiency-related WE.
One-quarter of patients who develop Korsakoff's syndrome require long-term residential care because of permanent brain damage.
Washington, Apr 17 ( ANI ): Alcoholism can disrupt memory functioning prior to later-stage Korsakoff's syndrome - a neurological disorder usually related to alcohol abuse, according to a new study.
Her medical history included alcohol excess, complicated by mild Korsakoff's syndrome, and surgery consisting of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and a negative, exploratory laparotomy, for a previous, similar presentation.