America): Lushootseed; Chehalis, Cowlitz; Upper Chinook; Nez Perce; Western Sahaptin; Lillooet; Shuswap; Thompson; Tillamook; Okanagon, Sanpoil; Kalispel, Coeur dAlene; Kutenai
; Quileute, Chemakum; Quinault; Umpqua, Coquille, Tututni; Coos; Yurok; Karok; Klamath, Modoc; Maidu; Pomo; Wintu; Northern Shoshone; Navajo; Jicarilla Apache; Hopi; Tiwa, Tewa, Towa; Western Apache; Zuni; Chiricahua Apache; Lipan Apache; Chemehuevi; Southern Paiute; Walapai, Havasupai, Yavapai; Northern Paiute; Ute; Western Shoshoni, Gosiute; Micmac;
The medium lends an extraordinary materiality and almost three-dimensional quality to these eloquent images of a proud people and their disappearing way of life, from portraits of Apsaroke chiefs to the dawn river mists enveloping a solitary Kutenai
out duck-hunting in his canoe, made in around 1910 (Fig.
, Plateau region, northwestern Montana, circa 1910.
Lacking property rights, the Haida and Kutenai
people of the British Columbia coast would have had had no way of evaluating potential yields from any particular choice they made about exploiting a resource, in his view.
In November 1824, Alexander Ross finally inherited command of fifty-five hunters, including two Americans, seventeen Canadians, five half-bloods from east of the mountains, twelve Iroquois, two Obenaki [Abenaki], two Nipissing, one Saulteur [Ojibwa], two Cree, one Chinook, two Spokane, two Kutenai
, three flatheads, two Kalipspell, one Palouse, and one Snake Indian slave.
Most of the tribal groups he identified in the Pacific Northwest - Yakima, Klickitat, interior and coastal Salishan, Kutenai
, Nez Perce, Wallawalla, Umatilla, Cayuse, Chinookan, Chimakum, Quilliute and Willapa - occupy volumes 7 through 9.
On the other hand, some traditional societies, faced with the exigencies of their ways of life that often involve moving from place to place and suffering recurrent famines, "starve or abandon or actively kill them." He says of "the Lapps of northern Scandinavia, the San of the Kalahari Desert, the Omaha and Kutenai
Indians of North America, and the Ache Indians of tropical South America" that they "intentionally abandon an old or sick person when the rest of the group shifts camp." He reports that "old Chukchi people who submitted to voluntary death were.
Grammatical Relations in Ktunaxa (Kutenai
): The Belcourt Lecture delivered before the University of Manitoba on 24 February 1995.
The gathering, organized by the Kutenai
Art Therapy Institute in Nelson, BC, is taking a medicine wheel approach to Aboriginal issues in health with a focus on the value of arts and culture in prevention, rehabilitation and therapeutic treatment.
Two American Indian activists--Deloria's Dakota tribeswoman Gertrude Bonnin (Zitkala Sa) and D'Arcy McNickle (Salish and Kutenai
)--had preceded her to Robeson County earlier in the 1930s.
Lackowicz, "Archaeological Overview Assessment of the Arrow Forest District, Southeastern B.C.," report to the Arrow Forest District, Kutenai
West Heritage Consulting, Trail BC, 1996.
First, let us consider the direct/indirect opposition, exemplified by the Plains Cree and Kutenai