The Kyoto Protocol
, an international treaty linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), was first negotiated in 1997 with the goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.
This year's conference discusses a number of organizational issues, a report of the sub-authorities in the convention, as well as a report of the action team concerned with the additional commitments for parties listed at the first annex according to Kyoto Protocol
. The conference will also view proposals presented by the parties to introduce amendments to Kyoto Protocol
, the mechanism of clean development, as well as issues pertaining to joint implementation of all member states, in addition to discussing issues related to commitment of Kyoto Protocol
and a number of other issues pertaining to Kyoto Protocol
JOSEPH VARGHESE DOHA INDIAN delegation at the Conference of the Parties (COP18) has called on the developed countries that do not join the Kyoto Protocol
or its second commitment period to undertake significant emission reduction commitments.
Private businesses in advanced countries can save $2.3 billion and the public sector in these countries $1.3 billion during the 2008-2012 period under the Kyoto Protocol
's Clean Development Mechanism, said the report compiled by an organ operating the mechanism.
The focus of the book, like many others, is on the global environmental problem of climate change; specifically, it focuses on the aftermath of the Kyoto Protocol
. Unlike other work done on this topic, especially work with an international relations focus, this book recognizes that the decision to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
is a domestic one and that states as such cannot be treated as unitary actors.
Under the Kyoto Protocol
of 1997, only industrialized countries were required to cut their emissions, by an average of 5 percent below the levels they emitted in 1990.
New Delhi, Dec 19 (ANI): Environment Minister Jayanthi Natarajan has said that Canada's withdrawal from Kyoto protocol
is a complete violation, after it became the first nation to announce its withdrawal from the pact on climate change.
A Bulgarian lawyer, Alexander Kodzhabashev, has been elected as a member of the enforcing authority of the Kyoto Protocol
rules to cut its emissions despite the country's pullout from the Kyoto Protocol
, the U.N.
Canada announced yesterday its withdrawal from Kyoto protocol
, and argued
"After yesterday's discussions we feel somewhat disillusioned." According to Mackowiak-Pandera, the US and India firmly refuse to commit to a second term of the Kyoto Protocol
. China appears to be slightly more flexible but insists on the same conditions, ie not binding for China.