Mobile herbivorous category (HOVH) had the lowest abundance in the southeast region compared with the North and Northeast Brazil, and exhibited the highest biomass, due to the presence of Acanthurus chirurgus and Kyphosus
Group 4 was composed of two pelagic species, Kyphosus
sectatrix (Linnaeus, 1758) and Mugil curema Valenciennes, 1836, occurring only on rede-alta, whereas group 5 was formed by a single species, Atlantoraja castelnaui (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907), caught solely on the linguadeira (Table 1).
Oxenford, "Home range size and use of space by Bermuda chub Kyphosus
sectatrix (L.) in two marine reserves in the Soufriere Marine Management Area, St Lucia, West Indies," Journal ofFish Biology, vol.
Species of Kyphosus
are difficult to identify and a recent family revision by Knudsen & Clements (2013) has revealed that in addition to the Bermuda Chub, Kyphosus
sectatrix, two other chubs occur in Bermuda, both with unfamiliar names.
In addition to the influence of increasing seawater temperatures, the effect of herbivorous fish, such as the brown chub Kyphosus
bigibbus Lacepede and the mottled spinefoot Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn), is suspected to cause a negative effect; bite marks have been observed on algal thalli, resulting in the loss of biomass.
analogus X Medialuna californiensis X EPHIPPIDAE Chaetodipterus zonatus X ACANTHURIDAE Acanthuridae spp.
Ha casos como o da piragica (Kyphosus
sp.) em que foram obtidos 400kg e 160 individuos em uma visita ao cerco flutuante da Galeta (Tabela II).
Guaguanche Sphyraena guachancho Conger eel (family) Congridae Conger eel Conger oceanicus Bonnethead Sphyrna tiburo Black jack Caranx lugubris Black drum Pogonias cromis Bermuda chub Kyphosus
sectatrix Yellowfln grouper Mycteroperca venenosa Yellow conger Hildebrandia flava Spotfin hogfish Bodianus pulchellus Southern puffer Sphoeroides nephelus Smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura Pufferfish (genus) Sphoeroides sp.
cinerascens, Un ejemplar, IZUA-PM-1433, Hotu Iti (Isla de Pascua), 18 Septiembre, 1991.
Comparison of herbivory in the closely related marine fish genera Girella and Kyphosus
. Marine Biology 127:579-586.
This appears to be the case for some unusually large juveniles (e.g., Hippocampus spp., Mulloidichthys martinicus, Kyphosus
Individual smallwing flyingfish, Oxyporhamphus micropterus; Bermuda chub, Kyphosus
sectatrix; and green razorfish, Hemipteronotus splendens, were observed only once.