Exclusion criteria were LNs
with nondiagnostic cytopathologic results.
, which subsequently showed enlargement, were within normal size (<1.0 cm) before GC-chemotherapy (Figures 1(b)-1(d)).
Conventional US is commonly used for diagnosing malignant cervical LNs
. Usually, gray-scale US features including round shape of the LNs
, microcalcification, loss of fatty hilum, hyperechogenicity, and cystic change suggest to be suspicious for malignant LNs
, but variable portions (10~86%) of these LNs
on US revealed thyroid cancer on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) or surgery .
When combined with guided fine needle aspiration and cytologic analysis (FNAC), or with surgical removal and histopathology of the entire node, it is nevertheless considered a safe, reliable and widely accepted method of real-time evaluation of peripheral LNs
, even in clinically silent nodes (9-11).
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the more LNs
removed during staging of EC, the greater the probability of finding LN metastasis.
The critical importance of accurate LN staging has led previous studies to address the question of minimum number of LNs
that need to be examined for optimal evaluation of nodal status.
The results for '1-3' LN involvement were not significant while age (menopausal status), tumor grade and stage, tumor size, LVI, PNI and skin and nipple invasion showed significant risk prediction for '>3' LNs
provides major advantages over FXP and FLP in terms of speed and accuracy when it comes to computing multiplication and division operations.
The primary contributions to the knowledge of bladder lymphatics have come from European sources and were well-summarized by Leadbetter and Cooper.[sup.6] Normal vesical lymphatics drain into the perivesical network, from which originate 6 groups of pathways: (1) the visceral lymphatic plexus within the bladder wall; (2) the intercalated LNs
; (3) pelvic collecting trunks; (4) regional pelvis LNs
(which include the external iliac, hypogastric and sacral LNs
groups); (5) lymphatic trunks originating from the regional pelvic LNs
; and (6) common iliac LNs
Nutriset SAS (Malaunay, France) has developed new formulations and flavours of LNS
targeting undernourished HIV-infected adults to be used in the Nutritional Support for African adults Starting Antiretroviral Therapy (NUSTART) trial (Pan African Clinical Trials Registry; registration # PACTR201106000300631).
In Indian context, it is important to evaluate long-term field performance of LNs
, especially assessment of community acceptance and coverage rate, epidemiological impact and attrition rate.