influenza

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in·flu·en·za

 (ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zə)
n.
1. An acute contagious viral infection of humans, characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, muscular pain, and prostration. Also called grippe.
2. Any of various viral infections of domestic or wild animals, generally characterized by fever and respiratory involvement.

[Italian, from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, influence (so called apparently from the belief that epidemics were due to the influence of the stars); see influence.]

in′flu·en′zal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

influenza

(ˌɪnflʊˈɛnzə)
n
(Pathology) a highly contagious and often epidemic viral disease characterized by fever, prostration, muscular aches and pains, and inflammation of the respiratory passages. Also called: grippe or flu
[C18: from Italian, literally: influence, hence, incursion, epidemic (first applied to influenza in 1743)]
ˌinfluˈenzal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•flu•en•za

(ˌɪn fluˈɛn zə)

n.
1. an acute, commonly epidemic disease occurring in several forms, caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral strains and characterized by respiratory symptoms and general prostration.
2. any of various acute, contagious viral infections of domestic animals that affect the respiratory tract.
[1735–45; < Italian < Medieval Latin influentia influence]
in`flu•en′zal, adj.
in`flu•en′za•like`, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

in·flu·en·za

(ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zə)
A contagious disease caused by a virus that is characterized by fever, inflammation of the airways, and muscle pain. It commonly occurs in epidemics, one of which killed 20 million people between 1917 and 1919.
Word History Since ancient times, influenza has periodically swept the world. In just a few years during the early 1900s, 20 million people worldwide died from influenza, which we commonly call the flu. Until recently, people could not tell how this illness could spread so widely. Before people knew that organisms cause disease, they thought the stars influenced the spread of influenza. The name for this illness, in fact, reflects that belief. Influenza comes eventually from the Latin word influentia, meaning "influence of the stars." Today, however, the stars are no longer blamed for the flu. Modern medicine has found that inhaling certain viruses, called influenza viruses, causes the spread of this illness.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

influenza

A viral infection that is much like a severe cold, but may also infect the throat and ears and can be fatal in the weak or elderly. Also called flu.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.influenza - an acute febrile highly contagious viral diseaseinfluenza - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
contagion, contagious disease - any disease easily transmitted by contact
Asian influenza, Asiatic flu - influenza caused by the Asian virus that was first isolated in 1957
swine flu, swine influenza - an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of swine caused by the orthomyxovirus thought to be the same virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
إنفلونزاإَنْفِلْوَنْزَاإنفلونزا، نَزْلَه
chřipka
influenza
influenssa
gripa
influenza
inflúensa, flensa
インフルエンザ
인플루엔자
gripas
gripa
gripeinfluenza
gripă
chrípka
influensa
ไข้หวัดใหญ่
gripinfluanza
bệnh cúm

influenza

[ˌɪnflʊˈenzə] Ngripe f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

influenza

[ˌɪnfluˈɛnzə]
ngrippe f
modif [virus] → de la grippe; [vaccine] → contre la grippe; [epidemic] → de grippe
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

influenza

nGrippe f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

influenza

[ˌɪnfluˈɛnzə] n (Med) → influenza
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

influenza

(influˈenzə) (usually abbreviated to fluor 'flu (fluː) ) noun
a type of infectious illness usually causing headache, fever, a cold etc.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

influenza

إَنْفِلْوَنْزَا chřipka influenza Grippe γρίπη gripe influenssa grippe gripa influenza インフルエンザ 인플루엔자 influenza influensa grypa gripe грипп influensa ไข้หวัดใหญ่ grip bệnh cúm 流感
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

in·flu·en·za

n. influenza, infección viral aguda del tracto respiratorio.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

influenza

n (form) gripe f, influenza (form); Asian — gripe asiática; avian — gripe or influenza aviar; seasonal — influenza or gripe estacional; swine — gripe porcina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
North American lineage H7N8 virus also replicated in ferrets, and pathogenicity was greater for HPAI viruses than for LPAI viruses.
By January 16, avian influenza H7 virus was detected in nine additional commercial turkey flocks; eight of these were confirmed as LPAI A(H7N8), and testing was inconclusive for one.
Traditional wild bird LPAI surveillance systems often involve substantial costs for labor, trapping equipment, transportation, and laboratory studies.
LpAI and LpAI:AII are the major HDL lipoproteins, containing approximately 35% and 65% of plasma apo AI, respectively (99).
Furthermore, High-pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have emerged from low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) viruses.
Most avian influenza strains are low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) strains and produce subclinical or mild to moderate respiratory infections that produce coughing, sneezing, sinusitis, ruffled feathers, and decreased egg production in infected birds (Figure 7-23).
It should not be confused with the more commonly occurring low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI), which typically causes little or no clinical illness in infected birds and does not pose a health risk to humans.
* a low pathogenicity (LPAI) form that causes mild illness, and
In fact, most of the types of avian influenza are low-pathogenicity strains ("LPAI" or "low-pathogenicity avian influenza"), which do not cause any serious illness in either birds or people.
The subtypes may be a high pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), causing serious illness and death in birds and poultry, or low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI), causing minimal illness in birds (CDC, 2005c).
LPAI, or "low path" avian influenza, has existed in the U.S.
They can be either highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) or low pathogenic (LPAI).