The critics imagine he was a Lacedaemonian
. They think it strange, therefore, that Telemachus should not have met him when he went to Lacedaemon.
The Lacedaemonians next governed it twenty-nine years; at a subsequent period, after the battle of Leuctra, the Thebans had their turn of domination.
After the conclusion of the war with Xerxes, it appears that the Lacedaemonians required that a number of the cities should be turned out of the confederacy for the unfaithful part they had acted.
But this would be most evident, if any one could see such a government really established: for it would be impossible to frame such a city without dividing and separating it into its distinct parts, as public tables, wards, and tribes; so that here the laws will do nothing more than forbid the military to engage in agriculture, which is what the Lacedaemonians
are at present endeavouring to do.
As for the wars which were anciently made, on the behalf of a kind of party, or tacit conformity of estate, I do not see how they may be well justified: as when the Romans made a war, for the liberty of Grecia; or when the Lacedaemonians
and Athenians, made wars to set up or pull down democracies and oligarchies; or when wars were made by foreigners, under the pretence of justice or protection, to deliver the subjects of others, from tyranny and oppression; and the like.
Joseph Worcestor in 1835 writes, "The manners of the Lacedaemonian
(Spartans) were loose and indelicate.
Vergil follows a long tradition in his geographic designation of Helen; Maguire (2009, 105) points out that throughout the ancient sources, Helen is called Spartan, Lacedaemonian
, or Argive.
Lance corporals discussed the Lacedaemonian
martial culture with lieutenant colonels; grunt sergeants hashed over Spartan tactics and physical training; staff officers studied the logistics of the 300 chosen to stand and die between the Gates of Fire.
(77) But divisions occurred between cities, between Jew and Gentile, Greek and barbarian, and Athenian and Lacedaemonian
. So Christ was sent to restore humankind to its first and true nature so that we might be citizens of the City of the Church, and also part of a greater chain, the Mystical Body.
(81) The Lacedaemonian
exile in 8,2,11-13 seems to me to stand in for all the Ten Thousand in the novel, but especially for Clearchus, himself an exiled Spartan who dies in a foreign land because of a love of war and his inability to reintegrate into peacetime Sparta.
On this occasion a brave soldier, Cleonymus a Lacedaemonian
, met his death, being shot with an arrow in the side through his shield and corselet and also Basas, an Arcadian, shot through the head.