The Lacedaemonians next governed it twenty-nine years; at a subsequent period, after the battle of Leuctra, the Thebans had their turn of domination.
After the conclusion of the war with Xerxes, it appears that the Lacedaemonians required that a number of the cities should be turned out of the confederacy for the unfaithful part they had acted.
But this would be most evident, if any one could see such a government really established: for it would be impossible to frame such a city without dividing and separating it into its distinct parts, as public tables, wards, and tribes; so that here the laws will do nothing more than forbid the military to engage in agriculture, which is what the Lacedaemonians
are at present endeavouring to do.
As for the wars which were anciently made, on the behalf of a kind of party, or tacit conformity of estate, I do not see how they may be well justified: as when the Romans made a war, for the liberty of Grecia; or when the Lacedaemonians
and Athenians, made wars to set up or pull down democracies and oligarchies; or when wars were made by foreigners, under the pretence of justice or protection, to deliver the subjects of others, from tyranny and oppression; and the like.
Joseph Worcestor in 1835 writes, "The manners of the Lacedaemonian
(Spartans) were loose and indelicate.
Vergil follows a long tradition in his geographic designation of Helen; Maguire (2009, 105) points out that throughout the ancient sources, Helen is called Spartan, Lacedaemonian
, or Argive.
342 d-e) For if anyone is willing to associate with the most ordinary Lacedaemonian
, he will find him for the most part to appear ordinary in his speech; but then by chance, at some point in the conversation, all at once, like a skillful lancer, he hurls forth a valuable remark, brief and condensed, so that his interlocutor appears no better than a child.
In the Iliad Homer concentrates on several weeks of action during the tenth and last year of the war that the Greeks fought against the Trojans to recover Helen, the wife of the Lacedaemonian
lord Menelaus and the most beautiful woman in the world, who had been seduced by and had absconded with the Trojan prince Paris.
Lance corporals discussed the Lacedaemonian
martial culture with lieutenant colonels; grunt sergeants hashed over Spartan tactics and physical training; staff officers studied the logistics of the 300 chosen to stand and die between the Gates of Fire.
77) But divisions occurred between cities, between Jew and Gentile, Greek and barbarian, and Athenian and Lacedaemonian
81) The Lacedaemonian
exile in 8,2,11-13 seems to me to stand in for all the Ten Thousand in the novel, but especially for Clearchus, himself an exiled Spartan who dies in a foreign land because of a love of war and his inability to reintegrate into peacetime Sparta.
On this occasion a brave soldier, Cleonymus a Lacedaemonian
, met his death, being shot with an arrow in the side through his shield and corselet and also Basas, an Arcadian, shot through the head.