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See Sparta.

Lac′e·dae·mo′ni·an (-də-mō′nē-ən) adj. & n.


adj, n
1. (Placename) another word for Spartan
2. (Peoples) another word for Spartan
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References in classic literature ?
The Lacedaemonians next governed it twenty-nine years; at a subsequent period, after the battle of Leuctra, the Thebans had their turn of domination.
After the conclusion of the war with Xerxes, it appears that the Lacedaemonians required that a number of the cities should be turned out of the confederacy for the unfaithful part they had acted.
But this would be most evident, if any one could see such a government really established: for it would be impossible to frame such a city without dividing and separating it into its distinct parts, as public tables, wards, and tribes; so that here the laws will do nothing more than forbid the military to engage in agriculture, which is what the Lacedaemonians are at present endeavouring to do.
As for the wars which were anciently made, on the behalf of a kind of party, or tacit conformity of estate, I do not see how they may be well justified: as when the Romans made a war, for the liberty of Grecia; or when the Lacedaemonians and Athenians, made wars to set up or pull down democracies and oligarchies; or when wars were made by foreigners, under the pretence of justice or protection, to deliver the subjects of others, from tyranny and oppression; and the like.
Faderman quotes from a GAA leaflet that explains the meaning of the lambda for gay rights activists: "The Lacedaemonians, or Spartans, bore it on their shields, a people's will aimed at common oppressors.
The Law of the Lacedaemonians in this passage is conspicuously like a Persian tyrant.
According to Aristotle, among the Greeks, the Lacedaemonians only conferred authority on their kings when it came to the direction of warfare and the care and administration of sacred things.
The Lacedaemonians have fallen so far behind our common culture and learning that they do not even try to instruct themselves in letters.
And they are so delighted to see your disasters that they get news of them in advance of anyone else, or fabricate the rumor themselves; now it is the loss of your ships in the Black Sea, now the capture of vessels on their outward voyage by the Lacedaemonians, now the blockade of your trading ports, or the impending rupture of the truce; and they have carried their enmity to such lengths that they choose the same critical moments as your foes to overreach you.
ho the PTCL Lacedaemonians say:3PL that the kreter egineto kata ten Samien [.
The Parians honor the wise Archilochus though he was nasty, the Chians honor the wise but non-citizen Homer, the Mytilenaeans honor the wise Sappho though a woman, the Lacedaemonians the unschooled Chilon, and the Lampsacenes Anaxogoras though he was a foreigner.
The constitution of the Lacedaemonians by Xenophon of Athens; a new critical edition with a facing-page English translation.