This is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects your salivary and lacrimal glands
Later, studies showed that MECs can occur in bronchus, esophagus, lacrimal glands
, pancreas, thymus, and thyroid gland.
The effects range from simple swelling of the affected organs (salivary and lacrimal glands
, lymph nodes) to obstruction (pancreaticobiliary, ureteral), organ dysfunction (pituitary insufficiency secondary to hypophysitis, kidney disease), and even frank medical emergency (aortic dissection, pachymeningitis, pancreatitis).
Tears are produced by the lacrimal glands
above and lateral to the eye, and are spread over the eye's surface by blinking.
Two of the most common characteristics of dry eye syndrome are the inadequacy of the water layer of tears produced by the lacrimal glands
and insufficient oil production from the meibomian glands.
Orbital magnetic resonance imaging revealed involvement of the upper lids and anterior orbit, and bilateral symmetric diffuse enlargement of the lacrimal glands
1,2] Pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary glands are seen in upper aerodigestive tract such as nasal cavity (including nasal septum and lateral nasal wall), pharynx, larynx, trachea, lacrimal glands
, hard and soft palate and parapharyngeal space.
45-47) A decrease in androgen levels causes an inflammatory immune response to occur on the ocular surface or in the lacrimal glands
August 18, 2016--A new study in animal models suggests that the eye's lacrimal glands
can be repaired by injecting a kind of regenerative "progenitor" cell.
In such cases, squamous metaplasia of conjunctival epithelium and epithelium lining the ducts of orbital lacrimal glands
Tears are generated by tiny glands called the lacrimal glands
Changes of the ocular surface and aquaporins in the lacrimal glands
of rabbits During pregnancy.