Surgery failure was defined as: (1) No marked improvement in tearing or any episode of post-operative dacryocystitis; (2) Inability to irrigate the lacrimal system
postoperatively; and (3) Postoperative nasal endoscopy with scarring in intranasal osteotomy or no visualisation of fluorescein dye.
It has been difficult to determine its incidence in general population but it is estimated that approximately 20.2 per 100,000 of the population have symptoms of lacrimal system
A diluted tracer is dropped into the lower conjunctival fornix and serial images are acquired as it moves down the lacrimal system
The procedure of CDCR includes rebuilding a new drainage system between the conjunctiva and the nasal cavity using a tear drainage tube and bypassing upper lacrimal system
. Although CDCR with a tear drainage tube placement is a reliable method for patients with upper lacrimal system
obstruction or damage, it remains some problems postoperatively.
He specializes in the treatment of disorders affecting the eyelids, face, orbit and lacrimal system
, and is one of only a few fellowship-trained oculofacial plastic and reconstructive surgeons in the state.
The lacrimal system
is then intubated with a bicanalicular silicon stent.
involvement was noted in one patient whose mass was in the upper eyelid/medial canthal region; the lacrimal system
and canaliculi were included in the excision area (Figure 1).
Invasion of the lacrimal system
by basal cell carcinoma.
The lids and lacrimal system
The sections cover orbit; ocular motility and cranial nerves; lids, lashes, and lacrimal system
; conjunctiva and sclera; cornea; anterior chamber; iris and pupils; lens; vitreous; retina and choroid; optic nerve and glaucoma; and visual acuity, refractive procedures, and sudden vision loss.
Our diagnostic protocol included regurgitation test, irritation of lacrimal system
and endoscopic endonasal examination.
anatomic abnormalities, tumors, inflammatory, immunologic, infectious, and traumatic); disorders of the tear production and the lacrimal system
; corneal manifestations of systemic disease and therapy, and of chemical and biological warfare; infections; noninfectious keratopathy; immunologic disorders; and therapeutic and reconstructive procedures, among other topics.