Saraiki has been classified as an Indo-European language from the Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan family, north western zone, Lahnda
.6 The speakers of Saraiki are located in various areas of the country, although, mainly in south Punjab, Sindh, KPK and Balochistan.
The Phonetics of Lahnda
. Journal of RojialAsiatic Sociqy of Bengal.
Also here Romani agrees with the central languages like Hindi, but disagrees with the north-western languages including Sindhi, Lahnda
Generally, linguists find Hindko as related to Lahnda
sub group of Indo-Aryan languages that branch off Indo-Iranian languages.
Moreover, an observation concerning New Indo-Aryan made by Jules Bloch (1965: 69) should be stressed: "the modern future in -h- [...] is widely distributed, even outside the areas in which sibilants normally open." Indeed, according to the survey by Colin Masica (1991: 206f.), among the New Indo-Aryan languages the change MI s (< OI s, s, s) > h is observed 1.) in Sinhalese-Maldivian; 2) in some languages of the northwestern zone, i.e., in Sindhi, Lahnda
dialects, and, among the Dardic languages, sometimes in Kashmiri; 3) in some languages situated in the western part of the central zone, i.e., in North Gujarati, Western Rajasthani (S.
The north-western branch comprises Nuristani, Dardic and West Pahari whereas pronominal suffixes are found in Kashmiri, Shina, Lahnda
, Sindhi, Poguli and some dialects of Panjabi.
Chapter sixteen, "Panjabi" (Christopher Shackle): Shackle chooses to disregard the Grierson construct "Lahnda
" for the western dialects, and attempts to describe, in contrast to most modern accounts, not just Modern Standard Panjabi, but all the diverse NIA speech forms found between Hindi on the east and Pashto and Sindhi on the west and southwest.
The language or languages of these texts are various forms of early New Indo-Aryan, in a style often referred to as sant bhasa, but with influences from a diversity of languages, including Sanskrit, Apabhramsha, Braj, Hindi, Marathi, Lahnda
, and Panjabi.