This sense is echoed by the Daoist philosopher Laozi
. He specifically advises action as early in a process as possible, because it will be easier then to gain the desired result.
The best known of these destinations is Bsharri, home to world-famous author Gibran, reputedly the most read writer after playwright William Shakespeare and ancient Chinese philosopher Laozi
. During his time in the United States, where he spent most of his career, Gibran led a renaissance movement of Arabic literature, wrote several works in English, and inspired a generation of writers.
As Keping Wang tells it, American and other world leaders could learn from Laozi
and Taoist philosophy which eschews war and violence.
The first concerns the Dao De Jing's authorship: nowhere does Wang discuss the historical Laozi
, or even if others might, in fact, have added to the Dao De Jing over time.
A fundamental concept in some of the most established fields, it has been pondered upon, debated about, and treated in various forms of representation for centuries in both "Eastern" and "Western" traditions--from Laozi
to Aristotle, from Hokusai Katsushika to Leonardo da Vinci, from Zoroaster to Nietzsche, from Shigehisa Kuriyama to Elizabeth Grosz.
This elemental tendency is shown in his poem "Northern Voices" (1985), whose ending lines remind one of Laozi
, the ancient Taoist philosopher's teaching that "the greatest utterance is silence": "All languages / Shall be shattered by the wordless voice."
La epoca que precede a esta unificacion del pais--la epoca pre-Qin--vio una era dorada del pensamiento, caracterizada por la "competencia entre las cien escuelas", y las figuras mas destacadas son los siete pensadores: Guanzi, Laozi
, Confucio, Mencio, Mozi, Xunzi y Han Feizi, muchos de ellos "consejeros politicos ambulantes".
In the case of a Daoist ritual text, for example, the Buddhist scribe would modify the introduction to conform to standard Buddhist invocations, amend the attributed authorship to the Buddha (as opposed to Laozi
), and change identifying terminology.
, ragindamas "neisejus pro duris pazinti pasauli, nedirsciojant pro langa isvysti kelius" (Laozi
1997: 47 sk.), kalba apie "sirdies klajones" (youxin), kurios tobulina sirdi ir siela, padeda atsisakyti ego, iveikti zmogiska, ribota zvilgsni ir atsiverti visoms imanomoms perspektyvoms.
'The Tao that can be comprised in words is not the eternal Tao', Laozi
These critics propose that even in the most representative literature by such renowned nature-oriented authors as Laozi
, Zhuangzi, and Thoreau, nature has been so often "metaphorized" or "romanticized" that it emerges as a reducible, serviceable, human rhetorical strategy; nature is therefore deprived of its authentic being to become a synonym or substitute for cultural myth.