Lassa fever


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Las·sa fever

 (lä′sə, lăs′ə)
n.
An acute form of hemorrhagic fever endemic to West Africa that is caused by an arenavirus transmitted by a species of rat and is characterized by fever, headache, gastrointestinal symptoms, and bleeding from the gums, and can result in deafness.

[After Lassa, a village of northeast Nigeria.]

Lassa fever

n
(Pathology) a serious viral disease of Central West Africa, characterized by high fever and muscular pains
[named after Lassa, the village in Nigeria where it was first identified]

Las′sa fe′ver

(ˈlɑ sə)
n.
an infectious, often fatal disease characterized by fever and pharyngitis, caused by an arenavirus.
[1965–70; after Lassa, Nigeria, village where it was first identified]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lassa fever - an acute contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing; can be used as a bioweapon
haemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever, VHF, viral haemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever - a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage
References in periodicals archive ?
FastVax Article: Click here Rapid Development of Lassa Fever Vaccine: Click here Department of Defense Grant Award for Q Fever Vaccine: Click here
The term is applied to diseases such as Lassa fever, Rift Valley fever, Ebola, yellow fever, and dengue among others.
Lassa fever has a variable clinical presentation from asymptomatic or mild infection to severe fatal HF in 20% of cases.
To the Editor: Lassa fever is a zoonosis caused by Lassa virus (LASV; family Arenaviridae, genus Lassavirus).
The consortium was able to successfully develop and test a new vaccine for Lassa fever in 120 days, starting only from genomic data on the virus.
Although it has not been decided which diseases will qualify, Lassa fever, Rift Valley fever and Middle East respiratory syndrome are candidates.
The CDC and the New Jersey Department of Health have confirmed a death from Lassa fever which was diagnosed in a person returning to the United States from Liberia.
learned of the outbreak in West Africa in March in an email from the embassy health unit in Conakry that spoke of what may have been an outbreak of Lassa Fever.
And Ebola is not the only possible danger that causes concern; experts say other deadly infectious diseases -- ranging from airborne viruses such as SARS, to an unforeseen new strain of the flu, to more exotic plagues like Lassa fever -- could crash the health care system.
Vaccines for Ebola, Lassa fever and other viral haemorrhagic fevers should and could have been developed many years ago.
Lassa fever is also endemic in certain areas of West Africa and may show symptoms similar to early EVD.
SHEIK HUMARR KHAN, MBChB, dedicated his life to the care of people suffering from infectious diseases such as AIDS and Lassa fever in Sierra Leone.