In the study among 24 participants at a weight-loss clinic, those who achieved the greatest success in terms of weight loss demonstrated more activity in the brain regions of the lateral prefrontal cortex
associated with self-control.
"One of the keys seemed to be an area of the brain, the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex
, that generates mental simulations," Brewe said.
The findings, published in the journal Frontiers in ICT, showed that newer brain regions associated with attention, working memory and problem solving -- the lateral prefrontal cortex
and parietal cortex, sometimes called the brain's "central executive network" - showed activity when dealing with such problems.
The amygdala-associated frontolimbic circuits, amygdala-dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex
, and amygdala-ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which integrate affective processes, may have characteristic dysfunctions in adolescent depression .
Secondly, previous fNIRS acquisitions were limited to eight channels covering the bilateral DLPFC, thus hindering the possibility of ascertaining the music effect throughout the lateral prefrontal cortex
, which is crucial during episodic memory processes [22-24].
It is thought that the dorsal "cognitive" region of the ACC (Brodmann areas 24b, 24c, and 32) has strong reciprocal connections with the lateral prefrontal cortex
(lPFC), and that it is involved in planning and willed action selection (see Bush, Luu & Posner, 2000).
The lateral prefrontal cortex
may diminish fear by decreasing activity in the amygdala similarly to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which inhibits the amygdala during extinction.49 The hippocampus and the amygdala are involved during late phases of extinction, and are therefore important for maintaining extinction.
discovered that emotions are controlled better by those with more activity in the lateral prefrontal cortex
- the puzzle-solving area of the brain.
* lateral prefrontal cortex
(to facilitate calculated reason-based decision-making)