Given the potential impact of the beetle-fungus complex on the avocado industry of Florida and California, USA, and its potential threat to other lauraceous
plants throughout North, Central, and South America (Gramling et al.
A single fossil flower, Antholithus heimiaformis Berry from the Miocene of Cuba was described as either lauraceous
or "some such flower as in the genus Heimia" (Berry 1939b: 133).
Snow (1976) uses the Cotingas as exemplary subjects because the female appears to rear the nestling on lipid rich lauraceous
fruits unassisted by the male.
In addition, we performed chemical analysis of the volatile emissions from lychee to determine how its sesquiterpene composition compares to that from known lauraceous
The near absence of lauraceous
pollen in the Cenozoic record of the Southern Hemisphere due to poor preservation means that a significant section of the vegetation may be unaccounted for by the palynological record.
Cotinga species have wide gapes and consume figs, mistletoe berries, palm and lauraceous
fruits, and have also been recorded taking animal prey, including flying termites and ants, and small amphibians (Snow 1982, 2004).
Blume), and the commercially important avocado (Persea americana Miller) among other North American lauraceous
species (Fraedrich et al.
1993, Collar 2001), specializing on Lauraceous
fruits and serving as important seed dispersers (Avila et al.
It also appears that occasionally the beetle is capable of colonizing non-lauraceous
hosts, and it remains unknown whether or not it may eventually disappear from American ecosystems when all lauraceous
of suitable size hosts have been eliminated.
wood from the mid-Cretaceous Potomac Group of eastern North America: Paraphyllanthoxylon marylandense sp.
Likewise, if other lauraceous
woods are equally effective it would make medium preparation easier.
Tuberaleyrodes species are usually found feeding on Lauraceous
hosts and are likely to be confused due to intraspecific variations.