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(lä-vwä-zyā′), Antoine Laurent 1743-1794.
French chemist who isolated the major components of air, disproved the phlogiston theory by determining the role of oxygen in combustion, and devised a system of chemical nomenclature. Lavoisier was executed during the Reign of Terror.


(French lavwazje)
(Biography) Antoine Laurent (ɑ̃twan lɔrɑ̃). 1743–94, French chemist; one of the founders of modern chemistry. He disproved the phlogiston theory, named oxygen, and discovered its importance in respiration and combustion


(ˌlɑv wɑzˈyeɪ, ləvˈwɑz-)

Antoine Laurent, 1743–94, French chemist.
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Noun1.Lavoisier - French chemist known as the father of modern chemistry; discovered oxygen and disproved the theory of phlogiston (1743-1794)
References in classic literature ?
Doubtless a vigorous error vigorously pursued has kept the embryos of truth a-breathing: the quest of gold being at the same time a questioning of substances, the body of chemistry is prepared for its soul, and Lavoisier is born.
"Somewhat; I know Lavoisier, and was the intimate friend of Cabanis."
If it prove a mind of uncommon activity and power, a Locke, a Lavoisier, a Hutton, a Bentham, a Fourier, it imposes its classification on other men, and lo!
Contract notice: p18118 - supply and installation of a tent for the extension of the lavoisier pavilion
We think, naturally, of their efforts to develop a system of weights and measures, of Antoine Lavoisier's chemical and physiological investigations, of the development of modern cartography, of the many discoveries in electricity--such as the unit for electrical current by Andre-Marie Ampere, of the study of metabolism by Lavoisier and Laplace, of the investigation of venereal disease or the introduction of new food-stuffs--such as the potato by Parmentier--into the French cuisine.
Taking among its subjects the Condorcet and Lavoisier couples, the book sets the conjoined lives of its subjects against the growth during the Enlightenment of an ideology of sensibility.
After recounting the origins of chemistry and the chemical revolution of Lavoisier that paved the way for modern chemistry, Hirota chronicles the development of chemistry as the science of atoms and molecules while exploring the background factors that explain how the most important discoveries came about.
In this part of the ongoing story, Benjamin and Virgile travel to the Charente region to audit the books of the Lavoisier Winery.
The American chemist, who worked for DuPont when she synthesised the first liquid crystal polymer 1965, is the company's only female employee to be awarded its Lavoisier Medal for outstanding technical achievement.
Algo parecido ocurre con Antoine Laurent Lavoisier y Svante August Ar rhenius, considerarlos como hidrologos, parece casi un demerito, pues la ciencia los situa en otros campos aparentemente mas notables, pero no debemos olvidar que sus descubrimientos permitieron conocer mejor el agua y sus propiedades y esta sustancia es sin duda la mas importante para la vida.
Named for Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier and Benjamin Franklin, this prize recognizes "unusually meritorious efforts in the preservation or promotion of the entwined scientific heritage of France and the United States."
Some of the material has been adapted from Les bibliotheques numeriques and Usages et pratiques dans les bibliotheques numeriques published in France in 2005 and 2007 by Hermes Science Lavoisier.