hypertrophy

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hy·per·tro·phy

 (hī-pûr′trə-fē)
n. pl. hy·per·tro·phies
A nontumorous enlargement of an organ or a tissue as a result of an increase in the size rather than the number of constituent cells: muscle hypertrophy.
intr. & tr.v. hy·per·tro·phied, hy·per·tro·phy·ing, hy·per·tro·phies
To grow or cause to grow abnormally large.

hy′per·tro′phic (-trō′fĭk, -trŏf′ĭk) adj.

hypertrophy

(haɪˈpɜːtrəfɪ)
n, pl -phies
(Pathology) enlargement of an organ or part resulting from an increase in the size of the cells. Compare atrophy, hyperplasia
vb, -phies, -phying or -phied
(Pathology) to undergo or cause to undergo this condition
hypertrophic adj

hy•per•tro•phy

(haɪˈpɜr trə fi)

n., pl. -phies, n.
1. abnormal enlargement of a part or organ due to an increase in the size of its cells; excessive growth.
2. excessive growth or accumulation of any kind.
v.t., v.i.
3. to affect with or undergo hypertrophy.
[1825–35]
hy•per•troph•ic (ˌhaɪ pərˈtrɒf ɪk, -ˈtroʊ fɪk) adj.

hypertrophy

excessive growth of one part of a plant to the disadvantage or detriment of the plant as a whole. See also body, human; size. — hypertrophic, hypertrophical, hypertrophous, adj.
See also: Plants
excessive growth of tissue or of an organ, independent of and out of proportion to the rest of the body. Cf. hypoplasia. — hypertrophic, hypertrophical, hypertrophous, adj.
See also: Body, Human
excessive growth of tissue or of an organ, independent of and out of proportion to the rest of the body. Cf. hypoplasia. See also plants. — hypertrophic, hypertrophical, adj. — hypertrophous, adj.
See also: Size

hypertrophy


Past participle: hypertrophied
Gerund: hypertrophying

Imperative
hypertrophy
hypertrophy
Present
I hypertrophy
you hypertrophy
he/she/it hypertrophies
we hypertrophy
you hypertrophy
they hypertrophy
Preterite
I hypertrophied
you hypertrophied
he/she/it hypertrophied
we hypertrophied
you hypertrophied
they hypertrophied
Present Continuous
I am hypertrophying
you are hypertrophying
he/she/it is hypertrophying
we are hypertrophying
you are hypertrophying
they are hypertrophying
Present Perfect
I have hypertrophied
you have hypertrophied
he/she/it has hypertrophied
we have hypertrophied
you have hypertrophied
they have hypertrophied
Past Continuous
I was hypertrophying
you were hypertrophying
he/she/it was hypertrophying
we were hypertrophying
you were hypertrophying
they were hypertrophying
Past Perfect
I had hypertrophied
you had hypertrophied
he/she/it had hypertrophied
we had hypertrophied
you had hypertrophied
they had hypertrophied
Future
I will hypertrophy
you will hypertrophy
he/she/it will hypertrophy
we will hypertrophy
you will hypertrophy
they will hypertrophy
Future Perfect
I will have hypertrophied
you will have hypertrophied
he/she/it will have hypertrophied
we will have hypertrophied
you will have hypertrophied
they will have hypertrophied
Future Continuous
I will be hypertrophying
you will be hypertrophying
he/she/it will be hypertrophying
we will be hypertrophying
you will be hypertrophying
they will be hypertrophying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been hypertrophying
you have been hypertrophying
he/she/it has been hypertrophying
we have been hypertrophying
you have been hypertrophying
they have been hypertrophying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been hypertrophying
you will have been hypertrophying
he/she/it will have been hypertrophying
we will have been hypertrophying
you will have been hypertrophying
they will have been hypertrophying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been hypertrophying
you had been hypertrophying
he/she/it had been hypertrophying
we had been hypertrophying
you had been hypertrophying
they had been hypertrophying
Conditional
I would hypertrophy
you would hypertrophy
he/she/it would hypertrophy
we would hypertrophy
you would hypertrophy
they would hypertrophy
Past Conditional
I would have hypertrophied
you would have hypertrophied
he/she/it would have hypertrophied
we would have hypertrophied
you would have hypertrophied
they would have hypertrophied
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hypertrophy - abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
dysplasia - abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
adenomegaly - gland enlargement
cor pulmonale - enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels
dactylomegaly - abnormally large fingers or toes
elephantiasis - hypertrophy of certain body parts (usually legs and scrotum); the end state of the disease filariasis
splenomegaly - an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
giantism, gigantism, overgrowth - excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
acromegalia, acromegaly - enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
Verb1.hypertrophy - undergo hypertrophy; "muscles can hypertrophy when people take steroids"
grow - become larger, greater, or bigger; expand or gain; "The problem grew too large for me"; "Her business grew fast"
Translations

hypertrophy

[haɪˈpɜːtrəfɪ]
A. Nhipertrofía f
B. VIhipertrofiarse

hy·per·tro·phy

n. hipertrofia, desarrollo excesivo o agrandamiento anormal de un órgano o parte;
cardiac ______ cardíaca, corazón agrandado;
compensatory ______ compensatoria, como resultado de un defecto físico.

hypertrophy

n hipertrofia
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, compared with the reference group, the risk of death was 41% lower in 218 men who were physically fit (in the upper 50th percentile) and did not have left ventricular hypertrophy and 43% lower in 187 men who were fit and did have left ventricular hypertrophy, Dr.
(1997) Echocardiographic criteria of physiological left ventricular hypertrophy in combined strength- and endurance-trained athletes.
The German team discovered that compared with the people with normal blood pressure, research subjects with white-coat hypertension faced almost twice the risk of suffering from left ventricular hypertrophy, as revealed by the echocardiography.
Left ventricular geometry and severe left ventricular hypertrophy in children and adolescents with essential hypertension.
The mean values for filtered QRS complex, low amplitude signals and root mean square voltage in patients with and without left ventricular hypertrophy were 118.1 and 98.9 ms, 35.4 and 22.2 ms, 89.9 and 94.4 uv respectively.
Incidence of Negative Outcomes in LIFE Patients without LVH Patients with (n = 252) LVH (n = 211) MI 3.3% 7.0% Stroke 2.1% 8.5% Cardiovascular death 3.4% 8.9% MI, stroke, or CV death 7.0% 20.0% composite All-cause death 10.0% 14.9% Notes: Based on data for patients who achieved a systolic blood Pressure of < 130 mm Hg; LVH = left ventricular hypertrophy HR = adjusted hazard ratio.
The report indicates that those children, who do not receive proper treatment for hypertension, are likely to develop an enlarged heart, or left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which often causes progressive heart disease.
Tight control of systolic blood pressure reduces the risk of developing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) compared to the more common, slightly higher systolic blood pressure control.
Determinants of sensitivity and specificity of electrocardiographic criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy. Circulation 1990; 81:815-820.
A total of 9,197 American, Scandinavian, and British patients with essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy, all older than age 55, were randomized to either 50-100 mg/day of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) losartan or the [beta]-blocker atenolol, with hydrochlorothiazide added as needed to reach blood pressure goals.
Their populationbased study identified 141 women and 149 men with evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy, an enlargement of the heart that can lead to poor pumping ability and heart failure.

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