law(redirected from Legal theory)
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2. Obsolete, guilt. — culpable, adj.
2. the condition of being disinherited.
2. a person who holds or Iets land under the provisions of the feudal system.
2. a system of laws or a particular branch of law. — jurisprudent, adj.
2. a treatise on the drawing up of laws. — nomographer, n. — nomographic, adj.
2. the writer of a complete digest of materials on a subject.
2. a shyster lawyer. — pettifoggery, n.
2. the state or practice of settling in vacant or abandoned property, either for shelter or in an attempt to establish ownership. — squatter, n.
2. the fief or lands held.
See Also: LAWYERS
- Corpuses, statutes, rights and equities are passed on like congenital disease —Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
- Exact laws, like all the other ultimates and absolutes, are as fabulous as the crock of gold at the rainbow’s end —G. N. Lewis
- Going to law is like skinning a new milk cow for the hide, and giving the meat to the lawyers —Josh Billings
The original in Billings’ popular dialect form reads as follows: “Going tew law iz like skinning a new milch … .tew the lawyers.”
- Great cases like hard cases make bad law —Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
Justice Holmes expanded on his simile as follows: “For great cases are called great not by reason of their real importance in shaping the law of the future but because of some accident of immediate overwhelming interest which appeals to the feelings and distorts the judgment.”
- Law is a bottomless pit —John Arbuthnot
Arbuthnot continues as follows: “It is a cormorant, a harpy that devours everything!”
- Law is a form of order, and good law must necessarily mean good order —Aristotle
- The law is a sort of hocus-pocus science, that smiles in your face while it picks your pocket —Charles Macklin
- The law is like apparel which alters with the time —Sir John Doddridge
- Law is like pregnancy, a little of either being a dangerous thing —Robert Traver
- The law often dances like an old fishwife in wooden shoes, with little grace and less dispatch —George Garrett
In Garrett’s historical novel, Death of the Fox, this simile is voiced by Sir Francis Bacon.
- Laws and institutions … like clocks, they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time —Henry Ward Beecher
- (Written) laws are like spiders’ webs; they hold the weak and delicate who might be caught in their meshes, but are torn in pieces by the rich and powerful —Anarchis
The spiders’ web comparison to the law has been much used and modified. Here are some examples: “Laws, like cobwebs, entangle the weak, but are broken by the strong;” “Laws are like spiders’ webs, so that the great buzzing bees break through, and the little feeble flies hang fast in them” (Henry Smith); “Laws are like cobwebs, which may catch small flies, but let wasps and hornets break through” (Jonathan Swift); “Laws, like cobwebs, catch small flies, great ones break through before your eyes” (Benjamin Franklin); “Laws, like the spider’s web, catch the fly and let the hawk go free” (Spanish proverb).
- Law should be like death, which spares no one —Charles de Secondat Montesquieu
- Laws, like houses, lean on one another —Edmund Burke
- Laws should be like clothes. They should fit the people they are meant to serve —Clarence Darrow
- Laws wise as nature, and as fixed as fate —Alexander Pope
- Legal as a Supreme Court decision —Anon
- Legal studies … sharpen, indeed, but like a grinding stone narrow whilst they sharpen —Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- Liked law because it was a system like a jigsaw puzzle, whose pieces, if you studied them long enough, all fell into place —Will Weaver
- The science of legislation is like that of medicine in one respect, that it is far more easy to point out what will do harm than what will do good —Charles Caleb Colton
- Suits at court are like winter nights, long and wearisome —Thomas Deloney
- To try a case twice is like eating yesterday morning’s oatmeal —Lloyd Paul Stryker
- Violations of the law, like viruses, are present all the time. Everybody does them. Whether or not they produce a disease, or a prosecution, is a function of the body politic —Anon quote, New York Times/Washington Talk, November 28, 1986
|Noun||1.||law - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"|
impounding, impoundment, internment, poundage - placing private property in the custody of an officer of the law
award, awarding - a grant made by a law court; "he criticized the awarding of compensation by the court"
appointment - (law) the act of disposing of property by virtue of the power of appointment; "she allocated part of the trust to her church by appointment"
remit, remitment, remission - (law) the act of remitting (especially the referral of a law case to another court)
novation - (law) the replacement of one obligation by another by mutual agreement of both parties; usually the replacement of one of the original parties to a contract with the consent of the remaining party
subrogation - (law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
disbarment - the act of expelling a lawyer from the practice of law
chance-medley - an unpremeditated killing of a human being in self defense
recission, rescission - (law) the act of rescinding; the cancellation of a contract and the return of the parties to the positions they would have had if the contract had not been made; "recission may be brought about by decree or by mutual consent"
abatement of a nuisance, nuisance abatement - (law) the removal or termination or destruction of something that has been found to be a nuisance
production - (law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law; "the appellate court demanded the production of all documents"
practice of law, law - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; "he studied law at Yale"
law practice - the practice of law
comparative negligence - (law) negligence allocated between the plaintiff and the defendant with a corresponding reduction in damages paid to the plaintiff
concurrent negligence - (law) negligence of two of more persons acting independently; the plaintiff may sue both together or separately
contributory negligence - (law) behavior by the plaintiff that contributes to the harm resulting from the defendant's negligence; "in common law any degree of contributory negligence would bar the plaintiff from collecting damages"
criminal negligence, culpable negligence - (law) recklessly acting without reasonable caution and putting another person at risk of injury or death (or failing to do something with the same consequences)
neglect of duty - (law) breach of a duty
barratry - the offense of vexatiously persisting in inciting lawsuits and quarrels
champerty - an unethical agreement between an attorney and client that the attorney would sue and pay the costs of the client's suit in return for a portion of the damages awarded; "soliciting personal injury cases may constitute champerty"
criminal maintenance, maintenance - the unauthorized interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it (as by helping one party with money or otherwise to continue the action) so as to obstruct justice or promote unnecessary litigation or unsettle the peace of the community; "unlike champerty, criminal maintenance does not necessarily involve personal profit"
false pretence, false pretense - (law) an offense involving intent to defraud and false representation and obtaining property as a result of that misrepresentation
resisting arrest - physical efforts to oppose a lawful arrest; the resistance is classified as assault and battery upon the person of the police officer attempting to make the arrest
sedition - an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
kidnapping, snatch - (law) the unlawful act of capturing and carrying away a person against their will and holding them in false imprisonment
actual possession - (law) immediate and direct physical control over property
constructive possession - (law) having the power and intention to have and control property but without direct control or actual presence upon it
criminal possession - (law) possession for which criminal sanctions are provided because the property may not lawfully be possessed or may not be possessed under certain circumstances
intervention - (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings; "the purpose of intervention is to prevent unnecessary duplication of lawsuits"
objection - (law) a procedure whereby a party to a suit says that a particular line of questioning or a particular witness or a piece of evidence or other matter is improper and should not be continued and asks the court to rule on its impropriety or illegality
|2.||law - legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; "there is a law against kidnapping"|
legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
anti-drug law - a law forbidding the sale or use of narcotic drugs
anti-racketeering law, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, RICO, RICO Act - law intended to eradicate organized crime by establishing strong sanctions and forfeiture provisions
antitrust law, antitrust legislation - law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies
statute of limitations - a statute prescribing the time period during which legal action can be taken
constitution, fundamental law, organic law - law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
public law - a law affecting the public at large
blue law - a statute regulating work on Sundays
blue sky law - a state law regulating the sale of securities in an attempt to control the sale of securities in fraudulent enterprises
gag law - any law that limits freedom of the press
homestead law - a law conferring privileges on owners of homesteads
poor law - a law providing support for the poor
Riot Act - a former English law requiring mobs to disperse after a magistrate reads the law to them
prohibition - a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages; "in 1920 the 18th amendment to the Constitution established prohibition in the US"
|3.||law - a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society|
concept, conception, construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
divine law - a law that is believed to come directly from God
principle - a basic truth or law or assumption; "the principles of democracy"
sound law - a law describing sound changes in the history of a language
|4.||law - a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature; "the laws of thermodynamics"|
concept, conception, construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
all-or-none law - (neurophysiology) a nerve impulse resulting from a weak stimulus is just as strong as a nerve impulse resulting from a strong stimulus
principle, rule - a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system; "the principle of the conservation of mass"; "the principle of jet propulsion"; "the right-hand rule for inductive fields"
Archimedes' principle, law of Archimedes - (hydrostatics) the apparent loss in weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid
Avogadro's hypothesis, Avogadro's law - the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules
Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers - (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics
Benford's law - a law used by auditors to identify fictitious populations of numbers; applies to any population of numbers derived from other numbers; "Benford's law holds that 30% of the time the first non-zero digit of a derived number will be 1 and it will be 9 only 4.6% of the time"
Bose-Einstein statistics - (physics) statistical law obeyed by a system of particles whose wave function is not changed when two particles are interchanged (the Pauli exclusion principle does not apply)
Boyle's law, Mariotte's law - the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume
Coulomb's Law - a fundamental principle of electrostatics; the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them; principle also holds for magnetic poles
Dalton's law of partial pressures, law of partial pressures, Dalton's law - (chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture; the pressure of a gas in a mixture equals the pressure it would exert if it occupied the same volume alone at the same temperature
distribution law - (chemistry) the total energy in an assembly of molecules is not distributed equally but is distributed around an average value according to a statistical distribution
equilibrium law, law of chemical equilibrium - (chemistry) the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction
Fechner's law, Weber-Fechner law - (psychophysics) the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity; based on early work by E. H. Weber
Fermi-Dirac statistics - (physics) law obeyed by a systems of particles whose wave function changes when two particles are interchanged (the Pauli exclusion principle applies)
Charles's law, Gay-Lussac's law, law of volumes - (physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
Henry's law - (chemistry) law formulated by the English chemist William Henry; the amount of a gas that will be absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure increases
Hooke's law - (physics) the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced
Hubble law, Hubble's law - (astronomy) the generalization that the speed of recession of distant galaxies (the red shift) is proportional to their distance from the observer
Kepler's law, Kepler's law of planetary motion - (astronomy) one of three empirical laws of planetary motion stated by Johannes Kepler
Kirchhoff's laws - (physics) two laws governing electric networks in which steady currents flow: the sum of all the currents at a point is zero and the sum of the voltage gains and drops around any closed circuit is zero
law of averages - a law affirming that in the long run probabilities will determine performance
law of constant proportion, law of definite proportions - (chemistry) law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight
law of diminishing returns - a law affirming that to continue after a certain level of performance has been reached will result in a decline in effectiveness
law of effect - (psychology) the principle that behaviors are selected by their consequences; behavior having good consequences tends to be repeated whereas behavior that leads to bad consequences is not repeated
law of equivalent proportions, law of reciprocal proportions - (chemistry) law stating that the proportions in which two elements separately combine with a third element are also the proportions in which they combine together
|5.||law - the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do|
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
contract law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts
corporation law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations
matrimonial law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony
patent law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing patents
|6.||law - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; "he studied law at Yale"|
learned profession - one of the three professions traditionally believed to require advanced learning and high principles
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
disbar - remove from the bar; expel from the practice of law by official action; "The corrupt lawyer was disbarred"
|7.||law - the force of policemen and officers; "the law came looking for him"|
personnel, force - group of people willing to obey orders; "a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"
European Law Enforcement Organisation, Europol - police organization for the European Union; aims to improve effectiveness and cooperation among European police forces
Mutawa, Mutawa'een - religious police in Saudi Arabia whose duty is to ensure strict adherence to established codes of conduct; offenders may be detained indefinitely; foreigners are not excluded
New Scotland Yard, Scotland Yard - the detective department of the metropolitan police force of London
secret police - a police force that operates in secrecy (usually against persons suspected of treason or sedition)
Schutzstaffel, SS - special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925; the SS administered the concentration camps
law enforcement agency - an agency responsible for insuring obedience to the laws
"The end of the law is, not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom" [John Locke Second Treatise of Civil Government]
"It may be true that the law cannot make a man love me, but it can keep him from lynching me, and I think that's pretty important" [Martin Luther King Jr]
"The law is a causeway upon which so long as he keeps to it a citizen may walk safely" [Robert Bolt A Man For All Seasons]
"No brilliance is needed in the law. Nothing but common sense, and relatively clean finger nails" [John Mortimer A Voyage Round My Father]
"Laws were made to be broken" [John Wilson Noctes Ambrosianae]
"The Common Law of England has been laboriously built about a mythical figure - the figure of "The Reasonable Man"" [A.P. Herbert Uncommon Law]
"We do not get good laws to restrain bad people. We get good people to restrain bad laws" [G.K. Chesterton All Things Considered]
"The law is a ass - a idiot" [Charles Dickens Oliver Twist]
"Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch, it is true, the weak and poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful" [Anacharsis]
"Law is a bottomless pit" [Dr. Arbuthnot The History of John Bull]
"The one great principle of the English law is to make business for itself" [Charles Dickens Bleak House]
"The laws of most countries are far worse than the people who execute them, and many of them are only able to remain laws by being seldom or never carried into effect" [John Stuart Mill The Subjection of Women]
"Hard cases make bad laws"
"One law for the rich, and another for the poor"
there's no law against it → no hay ley que lo prohíba
to be a law unto o.s. → dictar sus propias leyes
see also pass B9
it's the law → es la ley
to be above the law → estar por encima de la ley
according to or in accordance with the law → según la ley, de acuerdo con la ley
the bill became law on 6th August → el proyecto de ley se hizo ley el 6 de agosto
by law → por ley, de acuerdo con la ley
to be required by law to do sth → estar obligado por (la) ley a hacer algo
civil/criminal law → derecho m civil/penal
in law → según la ley
the law of the land → la ley vigente
officer of the law → agente mf de la ley
the law on abortion → la legislación sobre el aborto
law and order → el orden público
the forces of law and order → las fuerzas del orden
he is outside the law → está fuera de la ley
to have the law on one's side → tener la justicia de su lado
to keep or remain within the law → obrar legalmente
his word is law → su palabra es ley
to lay down the law → imponer su criterio, obrar autoritariamente
to take the law into one's own hands → tomarse la justicia por su mano
she is considering a career in law → está pensando dedicarse a la abogacía
to practise law → ejercer de abogado, ejercer la abogacía
court of law → tribunal m de justicia
to go to law → recurrir a la justicia or a los tribunales
to take a case to law → llevar un caso ante los tribunales
the laws of the game → las reglas del juego
God's law → la ley de Dios
there seemed to be one law for the rich and another for the poor → parecía haber unas normas para los ricos y otras para los pobres
the laws of physics → las leyes de la física
by the law of averages → por la estadística, estadísticamente
the law of gravity → la ley de la gravedad
the law of supply and demand → la ley de la oferta y la demanda
see also nature A4
law enforcement N → aplicación f de la ley
law enforcement agency N organismo encargado de velar por el cumplimiento de la ley
law enforcement officer N (esp US) → policía mf
Law Faculty N (Univ) → facultad f de Derecho
law firm N → gabinete m jurídico, bufete m de abogados
Law Lord NPL (Brit) (Pol) → juez mf lor
the Law Lords jueces que son miembros de la Cámara de los Lores y constituyen el Tribunal Supremo
law reports NPL → repertorio m de jurisprudencia
law school N (US) → facultad f de derecho
law student N → estudiante mf de derecho
against the law → contraire à la loi
It's against the law → C'est contraire à la loi.
by law → de par la loi
By law restaurants must display their prices
BUT La loi oblige les restaurateurs à afficher leurs prix. → Les restaurants sont tenus, de par la loi, à afficher leurs prix
Minicabs are prohibited by law from
BUT La loi interdit aux chauffeurs de minicabs de.
to break the law → enfreindre la loi
to go to law (British) (= take legal action) → aller devant la justice
He went to law and did not succeed in his claim against us → Il est allé devant la justice et sa plainte contre nous a été déboutée.
to be above the law → être au-dessus des lois
to take the law into one's own hands → se faire justice
to lay down the law (= tell other people what they should do) → fixer les règles du jeu company law, criminal law
The laws are very strict → Les lois sont très sévères.
to be a law unto o.s. → être son propre juge
Match officials should not tolerate such behaviour but instead enforce the laws of the game → Les officiels ne devraient pas tolérer de tels comportements mais plutôt appliquer les règles du jeu.
to study law → faire des études de droit
She is studying law → Elle fait des études de droit.law-abiding [ˈlɔːəbaɪdɪŋ] adj → respectueux/euse des loislaw and order n → ordre m public
people who had no respect for law and order
BUT des gens qui n'avaient aucun respect pour la loi et l'ordre. → des gens qui n'avaient aucun respect pour l'ordre public
a breakdown of law and order → des troubles de l'ordre public
law[lɔː] n → legge f
law of gravity → legge di gravità
law of constant energy → legge della conservazione dell'energia
against the law → contro la legge
by law → a norma di or per legge
by British law → secondo la legge britannica
civil/criminal law → diritto civile/penale
to study law → studiare giurisprudenza or legge
Faculty of Law → facoltà di giurisprudenza
court of law → corte f di giustizia, tribunale m
to go to law → ricorrere alle vie legali
to have the law on one's side → avere la legge dalla propria (parte)
to be above the law → essere al di sopra della legge
to be a law unto o.s. → non conoscere altra legge che la propria
there's no law against it → nessuna legge lo vieta or impedisce
to take the law into one's own hands → farsi giustizia da sé
his word is law → la sua parola è legge