These two great divisions consisted, on the one side, of the Five, or, as they were afterward called, the Six Nations, and their allies; and, on the other, of the Lenni Lenape, or Delawares, with the numerous and powerful tribes that owned that nation as their grandfather The former was generally called, by the Anglo-Americans Iroquois, or the Six Nations, and sometimes Mingoes.
Of the Lenni Lenape, or as they were called by the whites, from the circumstances of their holding their great council-fire on the banks of that river, the Delaware nation, the principal tribes, besides that which bore the generic name, were the Mahicanni, Mohicans, or Mohegans, and the Nanticokes, or Nentigoes.
When the Lenni Lenape formally asserted their independence, and fearlessly declared that they were again men.
But I have never shut my ears to the words of the good book, and many is the long winter evening that I have passed in the wigwams of the Delawares, listening to the good Moravians, as they dealt forth the history and doctrines of the elder times, to the people of the Lenape
! It was pleasant to hearken to such wisdom after a weary hunt!
A second key theme is the attitudes and behaviors of Freeman's Quaker neighbors and their "schizophrenic" conduct in regards to the rapidly shrinking population of Brandywine Lenapes
. On the one hand, Quaker leaders were intent on living up to the relatively fair-minded policies of William Penn that called for peaceful relations with Native Americans, land purchases (rather than seizures), and equal justice for Indian victims of crime.
In this first comprehensive account of the Lenape
Indians, an Algonquian people, and their encounter with European settlers before the founding of Pennsylvania, she describes how, after a bad and bloody beginning for the Dutch, they and the Indians settled into a negotiated peace, whereby the pragmatic Lenapes
controlled a polygot society where the Indians were free to win allies and accommodate trade, while the Europeans were told where they could settle, had to occupy the land to be eligible for land rights, and had to periodically deliver gifts to keep things on an even keel.
McCully reviews how both the Lenapes
and the incoming colonists managed the land in order to provide for their people and discusses the way in which they perceived property (private vs.
By the mid-eighteenth century, Lenapes
, or Delawares as they were now known, had been forced to move westward into Pennsylvania and Ohio.
Dunn takes note of the legends that the first people to try to make some use of the originally very prominent and very odd-looking outcrops of the deposits were aboriginal Lenni Lenapes
and/or 17th-century Dutch explorers.
Whether it was $24 or not, the price Peter Minuit paid for the island must have been a source of great amusement to the "Manhattas"; these migratory Lenapes
, part of the Delaware nation, believed the earth "belongs" to everyone and the settlement of land by mortals is, after all, a temporary matter.
In an 1826 version, the animals are awake but still docile, with Penn and the Lenapes
in the middle distance framed by a tranquil expanse of water on which rests a becalmed ship.