The Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard
, who played a crucial role in establishing the Manhattan Project, survived the Great War with a bout of influenza that hospitalized him just before his regiment was sent to the front and annihilated in battle.
, one of the physicists who prompted the Manhattan Project, wrote in 1960: "If the Germans had dropped atomic bombs on cities instead of us, we would have defined the dropping of atomic bombs on cities as a war crime, and we would have sentenced the Germans who were guilty of this crime to death at Nuremberg and hanged them."
1939: Albert Einstein, left, and Leo Szilard
write a letter to Franklin D Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon 1961: Beatles' first gig as house band of Liverpool's Cavern Club 1985: England captain David Gower scores his 5,000th run in Test cricket during the drawn fourthTest v Australia at Old Trafford 1990: More than 100,000 Iraqi soldiers backed up by 700 tanks invade the Gulf state of Kuwait
The great men went out into a threatened world: Max Born, Erwin Schrodinger, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Thomas Mann, Bertolt Brecht, Arturo Toscanini, Bruno Walter, Marc Chagall, Enrico Fermi, and Leo Szilard
, who arrived finally, after many years, at the Salk Institute in California.
All of this is set against the "radical advances in atomic science." Prominently featured is the historic August 2, 1939, letter written by physicist Leo Szilard
, co-signed by Albert Einstein, and sent to President Franklin D.
The researchers define novel research as being based on "the recombination of pre-existing knowledge components in an unprecedented fashion." An outstanding example of such work occurred in the 1950s when Leo Szilard
applied his expertise as a nuclear physicist to the field of biology and the cloning of cells.
That's when Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard
dug deeper into Maxwell's thought experiment and drew up a blueprint for exploiting information about particles, such as their position and velocity, to perform tasks.
The scientists profiled are John von Neumann, Theodore von K<AEa>rma<AEa>n, Leo Szilard
, Eugene P.
This refrigeration system was invented by Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard
eight decades ago (Einstein and Szilard 1928, 1930).
This group included many important and highly influential thinkers in a wide variety of fields, including such well-known figures as Albert Einstein, Hannah Arendt, Herbert Marcuse, Leo Szilard
, Leo Strauss, Paul Lazarsfeld, John von Newmann, Erich Fromm, and Karen Horney (Jay 1970; Coser 1984; McClay 1994).
In August Einstein and Leo Szilard
post their urgent request
Las publicaciones tambien han sido fundamentales para el avance de la ciencia y los desarrollos tecnologicos; por ejemplo, en 1905 Albert Einstein publico su articulo titulado "Equivalencia entre masa y energia" que fue fundamental para el desarrollo teorico de la bomba atomica en 1933 por el fisico judio Leo Szilard
. En 1953, James D.