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An infectious disease of domestic animals, humans, and other mammals, characterized by fever and jaundice and caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira, which are transmitted to humans by contact with the urine of infected animals.

[New Latin Leptospīra, genus name (lepto- + Latin spīra, coil; see spiral) + -osis.]


(Pathology) any of several infectious diseases caused by spirochaete bacteria of the genus Leptospira, transmitted to man by animals and characterized by jaundice, meningitis, and kidney failure. Also called: Weil's disease
[C20: from New Latin Leptospira (lepto- + Greek speira coil + -osis)]


(ˌlɛp toʊ spaɪˈroʊ sɪs)

an infectious disease of humans and domestic animals, caused by the spirochete Leptospira interrogans and characterized by fever, muscle pain, and jaundice.
[1925–30; < New Latin Leptospir(a) (lepto- lepto- + Latin spīra coil; see spire2) + -osis]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.leptospirosis - an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
canicola fever - an acute feverish disease in people and in dogs marked by gastroenteritis and mild jaundice
Weil's disease - a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings
zoonosis, zoonotic disease - an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans


n leptospirosis f
References in periodicals archive ?
Serum biochemical changes in dogs with experimental Leptospira Interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae infection.
Three strains of Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae were isolated and characterized; laboratory guinea pigs were injected with the strains and several died 8-10 days later.