n.1.(Zool.) A large antelope of North Africa (Oryx leucoryx), allied to the gemsbok.
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Serological survey for bovine bacterial and viral pathogens in captive Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx Pallas, 1776).
At the same time, he also described what we now call the Arabian oryx as oryx leucoryx, giving its range as "Arabia, and perhaps Libya.
Over the next 40 years, the name leucoryx, derived from the Greek leukos (white) and orux (gazelle or antelope), went into hibernation until in 1926 one Martin Lichtenstein confused matters further by transferring the name oryx leucoryx to the scimitar-horned oryx, which had been discovered strolling casually about the place in 1826 as oryxes are still accustomed to do.
The last Oryx leucoryx in the wild was shot in 1972.
Native to the Arabian peninsula, Oryx leucoryx has two long slender horns that in profile look as one, which may have fuelled the myth of the unicorn, the IUCN said in a recent report.
Common Name scientific Name Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Persian Fallow Deer Dama mesopotamica Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus Bunn's Short-tailed Bandicoot Rat Nesokia bunnii Arabian Oryx Oryx leucoryx Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus Long-fingered Bat Myotis capaccinii Mehely's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus mehelyi Indian Smooth-Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata Brown Bear Ursus arctos African Lion Panthera leo Goitered gazelle Gazella subgutturosa European Marbled Polecat Vormela peregusna Finless Porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides
of cases Reference Bovidae Nyala, Tragelaphus angasi 1 1 Greater kudu, Tragelaphus 6 2 strepsiceros Gemsbok, Oryx gazella 1 1 Arabian oryx, Oryx leucoryx 1 3 Scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx 1 2 dammah Eland, Taurotragus oryx 6 2,4 American bison, Bison bison 1 5 Felidae Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus 10 (b) 2,5-8 Puma, Felis concolor 3 2,9 Ocelot, Felis pardalis 3 4,5 Tiger, Panthera tigris 3 5 Lion, Panthera leo 4 4,5 Asian golden cat, Catopuma 1 (c) 10 temminckii (a) Animals were born and cases occurred in Great Britain unless stated otherwise.