Some of the notable women portrayed in the book include French mathematician Marie-Sophie Germain, known for her work in Elasticity theory, differential geometry, and number theory; Scottish chemist Elizabeth Fulhame, best known for her 1794 work 'An Essay on Combustion'; and Rita Levi-Montalcini
, who, with colleague Stanley Cohen, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor.
Literature Name Year Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlof 1909 Grazia Deledda 1926 Sigrid Undset 1928 Pearl Buck 1938 Gabriela Mistral 1945 Nelly Sachs 1966 Nadine Gordimer 1991 Toni Morrison 1993 Wislawa Szymborska 1996 Elfriede Jelinek 2004 Dorris Lessing 2007 Herta Muller 2009 Alice Munro 2013 Science Name Year Sub-field Marie Sklodowska Curie-- 1903 Physics Marie Sklodowska Curie-- 1911 Chemistry Irene Joliot-Curie 1935 Chemistry Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori 1947 Physiology or Medicine Maria Goeppert Mayer 1963 Physics Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1964 Chemistry Rosalyn Sussman Yalow 1977 Physiology or Medicine Barbara McClintock 1983 Physiology or Medicine Rita Levi-Montalcini
1986 Physiology or Medicine Gertrude B.
Here is how my distant scientific ancestor, the Nobelist Rita Levi-Montalcini
, put the point in her autobiography, to explain why she knew she was smarter at ninety than she had been at twenty:
In the 1950s, Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini
isolated nerve growth factor and then discovered epidermal growth factor at Washington University.
The recent death of Italian Nobel laureate and centenarian neurologist Rita Levi-Montalcini
highlights one of the lesser known segments of Jewish history in Europe.
Grazia Deledda won for literature in 1926 and Rita Levi-Montalcini
for medicine in 1986.
In 1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini
and Stanley Cohen received the Nobel Prize for the discovery and study of the Nerve Growth Factor (NGF).
This year's summation of research begins with a tribute to and interview with Rita Levi-Montalcini
, who turned 100 in April 2009; she discovered nerve growth factor, which helped establish the concept of trophic support for cell growth and differentiation.
, winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine, commented: "The burden of neurological disorders is reaching a significant proportion in countries with a growing percentage of the population over 65 years.
and Cohen won the Nobel Prize for this work in 1986.
His Italy is the modern and progressive one of Filippo Buonarotti and Filippo Turati, of Alessandro Volta and Rita Levi-Montalcini
Neurotrophins are a group of four similar proteins, which are essential for survival and axonal outgrowth and development of sensory neurons, including capsaicin-sensitive fibers (Chun and Patterson 1977; Levi-Montalcini
1987; Lewin and Barde 1996; Shu and Mendell 1999a, 2001).